Anthology notes

25 views5 pages
Published on 22 May 2011
School
UTSG
Department
English
Course
ENG252Y1
22:25
September 30th 2010
Ben Franklins diary
Introduction to exploration and survival narratives
Franklins and Richardsons narratives
Masculine Virtue and Bodily suffering
Cannibalism and Scandal
Legalistic discourse and the Gothic
Portions of Scripture
Audience? What position does it take with the audience?
Irony: Linda Hutcheon “Can Lit is distinguished by irony”
Master narrative: are they a part of it?
Eurocentrism
The belief that European society is the benchmark of civilization by which other societies are
judged.
Eurocentrism literature: areas where they contradict themselves
As they text takes part in the ideology how it translated into Canadian?
Ideals didnt hold true when displaced in Canada adaption
How persistent its, refuse to see otherwise: imposing a view on the world
Written document ensures European claim
Early Canadian Lit
Exploration narratives
Both authors are British with only an experience in Canada appealing to a British audience
Not marked by triumph but disappointment and tragedy, explorers mistakes
Not meant to be literary but factual accounts, commercial and colonial use
Whole new notion of new world, the North
Follows conventions of survival narratives: fiction and nonfiction Robinson Crusoe linked
with Franklin diaries.
Crusoe makes a new civilization in a new place
1606 La Theatre de Neptune by Marc Lescarbot preformed in Port Royal, Acadia (Nova
Scotia)
1769 The History of Emily Montague by Frances Brooke published in the UK, romance set in
Canada, sympathetic and stereotypical attitude towards aboriginals
Ben Franklins narrative
Goes from exploration narrative to survival narrative
Part of the appeal is the newness, exoticism of the north
Little description of the landscape to leave space for expectations
Foregrounds the interaction between landscape and human body
Move through it, malnourished by it, hunt in it – the selfhood these bodies are able to
maintain, limitations
Rugged body suitable to living in foreign lands—showcasing the virility of the British male
body, its strength
Testament to endurance of the body and the bodies feebleness—starved, deteriorated.
The integrality of the human body comes into question
Ben Franklins return
He was celebrated,the man who ate his boots
Paradox, the men he pores on the mens suffering – more pathetic—more sympathy
Always drawing attention to the suffering, maybe some condolences
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Very dispassionate tone: pg. 68 “bowl complaints. Mr. Hood suffered the most
Focus on facts, scrupulous documentation, dates, distances – readers trust him
Master narrative: Europeans have the right to explore because of higher civil code
Non-poet language creates an ethos for an author who is in control of story pg. 69 and 70
Franklin has a need to seem in control of everything, language of impossibility: gestures to
emotionality, leaves space for others emotions
We even thought the mixture palatable” – understates—the soup would support them
tolerably well
Spare the reader the worst of the terrible details – draws attention to our own desire for stories
of extremes
Body in relation to other bodies
British are in the minority on the expedition
Hierarchy of bodily endurance but more importantly racial virtues pg. 70 bottom paragraph
Franklin is concerned about other men, but wants to draw attention to his efforts of optimism
and intellectual strength
French man with most strength is only a ‘helpmate
Richardson diary
Pg. 74 nine lines down second paragraph
Doesnt give an answer to cannibalism
Revulsion and intrigue
Plausible ambiguity
Sympathizer and insights discussion—scandal
Blurs the line between savagery and British moral
Unspeakable thing to admit to even himself, expresses his own civilized delicacy of himself
and readers
Case against Michel
Richardson writes legalistically, rhetorical stance against evil
In a position to decide what happen, not to be judged himself
Allows himself to recognize that the evidence is circumstantial – sympathetic evidence—no
one will think the Indian is innocent
From the start Michel received racial discrimination
Forgiven because he isnt Christian—hierarchy religion , his death not so great a lose, not so
much a person
Gothic: narratives featuring macabre or melodramatically violent events and aberrant
psychological states. Highly emotionally charged action
Narrative plays on conventional emotional response the audience will have
Richardson has returned but Michel is not mentioned at all by Franklin – intentional, not to
deflate tension in Richardson story
Deliberate mistruth pg 72, first full paragraph—foreshadows what is to come
Pg. 73 bottom paragraph four lines up – dramatic irony—Michel preserving there liveshow
shall I love this man if he turns out no to be a liar” – Hood later killed by Michel—Indian as
untrustworthy
Richardson is directly contrasting himself with Michel
Takes upon Christian duty of reading scripture, even getting rid of M
Indians are the only hope – weird—salvation—rhetorical strategy—God’s plan
Exploiting and exploring North America were made okay by Christian mission – to convert
Indians to Christianity
Suicide as ultimate extreme—break apart in coherent ideology
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Document Summary

Irony: linda hutcheon can lit is distinguished by irony . The belief that european society is the benchmark of civilization by which other societies are judged. Ideals didn"t hold true when displaced in canada  adaption. How persistent its, refuse to see otherwise: imposing a view on the world. Both author"s are british with only an experience in canada appealing to a british audience. Not marked by triumph but disappointment and tragedy, explorers mistakes. Not meant to be literary but factual accounts, commercial and colonial use. Whole new notion of new world, the north. Follows conventions of survival narratives: fiction and nonfiction robinson crusoe linked with franklin diaries. Crusoe makes a new civilization in a new place. 1606 la theatre de neptune by marc lescarbot preformed in port royal, acadia (nova. 1769 the history of emily montague by frances brooke published in the uk, romance set in. Part of the appeal is the newness, exoticism of the north.