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Lecture 12

ENG252Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Campbell Scott, Unofficial Member, Kainai Nation

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Robert Mc Gill

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ENG 252 Lecture Canadian Literature
Student: N.W. Recorder: N.A.
- 1 -
Duncan Campbell Scott & Pauline Johnson
You outlines are due at the beginning of tutorial. I have posted some guidelines
and the marking criteria.
Duncan Campbell Scott
Duncan Campbell Scott is another major Confederation Poets, and Pauline
Johnson was considered an unofficial member (although some thought her poetry
to be too sentimental).
I mentioned that the Confederation period was when Canada was narrated into
being. This was when it became a belief system, based on continuing
indebtedness to England and combined with a unique identity. This emergent
national identity was considered white and Anglophone, and aimed to assimilate
other identities (French Canadian, indigenous, Irish, and so on)
Darcy McGee declared that Canadian nationality was what we ought to labor for
and defend. There is room for one great, free people, but not for several angry,
nationalist, obstructive nationalities. The push to assimilate non-Anglo identities
manifested in indigenous rebellions, and this is when Louis Riel emerged as a
leader of the Metis.
French Canadians called for the just treatment of Riel, while English Canadians
supported the troops.
When the rebellion was quelled, the Indian Act was passed with the intention
of assimilating indigenous peoples peacefully, but it barred natives from full
participation (like barring them from voting).
They became, for all intents and purposes, wards of the state. They were not
considered to be competent to care for themselves.
Indian status was only granted to “pure” blood Indians, and only those living
on reserve lands. It excluded Inuit and Metis.
Indigenous women who married non-Indians were immediately exempt and
lost all status.
They were denied the right to vote, the right to legal counsel, and could not sit
on juries.
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