ENG252Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Joy Kogawa, Stereotype, Canadian Multiculturalism Act

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22 Jan 2015

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ENG252Y Lecture 3 – Term 2 Jan 20, 15
First Hour of the lecture – Guest Lecturer: TA
Q: Is Canada nation?
oA: It relates to others, such as what makes it singular and “Canadian”
Immigrant writing in Canada as multiculturalism writing
The Short Story Cycle: “a set of stories linked to each other in such a way as to
maintain a balance between the individuality of each of the stories, and the necessitates
of the larger unit [and where] the reader’s successive experience of the whole
significantly modifies [their] experience of each of its component parts.”
Remarkable that the story is not self-reflexive or self-conscious, but its employment of
(Pg. 1090) “Watery imagery in my life is recurring… The universal symbol of life did
nothing but frustrate me.” Idea of purity and reverse. A place where sacred items are
delivered to the beach (where people get rid of items they no longer want).
Multiculturalism in Canada - most authors permitted to write in the country were white,
older men. They had their work anthologized. This questions Canada’s cultural others
By the 1980s, immigrant writing had become a major focal point of Canadian literature.
This kind of literature tends to focus on a double identity: one from their own country and
another from their Canadian identity
1982 – Charter of Rights and Freedom
1988 – The Canadian Multiculturalism Act – recognized Aboriginal rights, and that
French and English are the main languages (but they allow other languages to be used)
Many came to view multiculturalism as negative, acting as a barrier between other
“The Canadian ideal of ‘multicultur[ism]’ exists within a system of signs in which race
refers to people of colour and First Nations, as opposed to white individuals, who are
dominant and hence raceless” – Quote by an unknown author
Writing as an author in Canada has been geographically transplanted
Percy tells us more in his thoughts than what he voices to the world
oHe hasn’t immersed himself in the culture. He still sees himself as an outsider
Stereotyping and misinformation are the many factors that alienate the subject: Percy
Development is linked more to his effort’s to learn more about his host nation
(Pg. 1101) – Trying to identify “Canadian” objects
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