ENG303H1 Lecture Notes - Inbreeding, Areopagitica, Patriarcha

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Published on 12 Feb 2013
Divorce Tract
burning of lust (for/in lust) vs for companionship
1 Corinthians to unmarried and widows… if can’t contain, marry than burn
marriage as remedy
carnal lust like cattle… desire and longing to put off unsolitariness by uniting
desire put in Adam before his fall
pure and inbred desire, fellowship of conversing soul
o First we know St. Paul saith, It is better to marry then to
burn. Mariage therfore was giv'n as a remedy of that trouble: but what might
this burning mean? Certainly not the meer motion of carnall lust, not
the meer goad of a sensitive desire; God does not principally take care for
such cattell. What is it then but that desire which God put into Adam in
Paradise before he knew the sin of incontinence; that desire which God saw it
was not good that man should be left alone to burn in; the desire and longing
to put off an unkindly solitarines by uniting another body, but not without a
fit soule to his in the cheerfull society of wedlock. Which if it were
so needfull before the fall, when man was much more perfect inhimselfe, how
much more is it needfull now against all the sorrows and casualties of this life
to have an intimate and speaking help, a ready and reviving associate in
marriage; wherof who misses by chancing on a mute and spiritles mate,
remains more alone then before, and in a burning lesse to
be contain'dthen that which is fleshly and more to be consider'd; as being
more deeply rooted even in the faultles innocence of nature. As for that other
burning, which is but as it were the venom of a lusty and over-abounding
concoction, strict life and labour, with the abatement of a full diet may keep
that low and obedient enough: but this pure and more inbred desire
of joyning to it selfe in conjugall fellowship a fit conversing soul (which desire
is properly call'dlove) is stronger then death, as the spouse of Christ
thought, many waters cannot quench it, neither can the floods drown it. This is
that rationall burning that mariage is to remedy, not to be allay'd with fasting,
nor with any penance to be subdu'd, which how can he asswage who by mis-
hap hath met the most unmeetest and unsutable mind? Who hath the power
to struggle with an intelligible flame, not in paradice to be resisted, become
now more ardent, by being fail'd of what in reason it lookt for; and even then
most unquencht, when the importunity of a provender burning is well
enough appeas'd; and yet the soule hath obtain'd nothing of what it justly
o Love was the son of Lonelines, begot in Paradise by that sociable
andhelpfull aptitude which God implanted between man and woman toward
each other. The same also is that burning mention'd by S. Paul,
whereof marriage ought to be the remedy; the Flesh hath
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other naturall and easie curbs which are in the power of any temperate
man. When therfore this originall and sinles Penury or Lonelines of the soul
cannot lay it selfe down by the side of such a meet and acceptable union as
God ordain'd in marriage, at least in some proportion, it cannot conceive and
bring forth Love, but remains utterly unmarried under a formall wedlock
Personification of love, begot out of loneliness before the fall true burning
Marriage should truly be remedy for this burning
Original and sinless penury (extreme poverty), feeling of lack, not having one thing
filling void
Lack defines us to core, fundamentally human because original and sinless
Not result of original sin but there at start in Adam
Can be physically and formally married but be utterly unmarried
Reconcile two motivations traced in writing
First tract personally motivated… censored -> leads to Areopagitica
Not hoping to secure divorce
Personal experience provoking him to see larger problems in legal institutions
privileging physical aspect of marriage above social/emotional
Humiliation and disappointment way for him to negotiate own conflict, companionship
idea as Protestantism was still inventing it
Philips A Married State
Reality of early modern women of death during childbirth or child dying in birth
Window of independent female outside of system
Vs gendered language of Milton
o Lest therfore so noble a creature as man should be shut up incurably under a
worse evill by an easie mistake in that ordinance which God gave him to
remedy a lesse evill, reaping to himselfe sorrow while he went to rid
away solitarines, it cannot avoid to be concluded, that if the woman be
naturally so of disposition, as will not help to remove, but help to increase
that same God-forbidd'n lonelines which will in time draw on with it
a generall discomfort and dejection of minde, not beseeming either Christian
profession or morall conversation, unprofitable and dangerous to the
Common-wealth, when the houshold estate, out of which must flourish forth
the vigor and spirit of all publick enterprizes, is so ill contented
and procur'd at home, and cannot be supported; such a mariage can be
no mariage whereto the most honest end is wanting: and the aggrieved
person shall doe more manly, to be extraordinary and singular in claiming
the due right whereof he is frustrated, then to piece up his lost contentment
by visiting the Stews, or stepping to his neighbours bed, which is the
common shift in this mis-fortune, or els by suffering his usefull life
to wast away and be lost under a secret affliction of an unconscionable size
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