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Lecture

ENG303H1 Lecture Notes - Gluttony, List Of Dragonlance Characters, Nba Coach Of The Year Award


Department
English
Course Code
ENG303H1
Professor
S.Gregoire

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Book 3
Theological grounding of son sacrificing
o 236Behold mee then, mee for him, life for life
o 237I offer, on mee let thine anger fall;
o 238Account mee man; I for his sake will leave
o 239Thy bosom, and this glorie next to thee
o 240Freely put off, and for him lastly dye
parallel of son’s sacrifice to Satan’s offer, moment of greater sacrifice that proves son’s
merit and greatness
value of free obedience, son weakening self to save
on me let thine anger fall
paradox of free will, against orthodox Calvinist (fellow Puritans) predestination
man free will but truly free only when choose God
value of free choice
risking heresy by putting words in God’s mouth, lessen heresy through biblical allusions
omniscient God, not blaming him for human’s fall even though he knows what will
happen
Holy Trinity tension God and Christ separate characters with different comments but
share same mind, mysterious relationship (plea for volunteer -> must know son will
volunteer -> but not of same mind?)
Primum mobile -> first mover, sphere responsible for creating movement of all other
spheres in geocentric model (fantastic cosmology in Milton, hard crust of vast continent,
no sky but darkness of chaos that Satan voyaging through)
Allegorical paradise of fools -> primum mobile becomes limbo, earth rise up because
too trivial to stay below so become dwelling place for fools
Tension between old model and Copernican model
o 570Thrice happy Iles, but who dwelt happy there
o 571He stayd not to enquire: above them all
o 572The golden Sun in splendor likest Heaven
o 573Allur'd his eye: Thither his course he bends
o 574Through the calm Firmament; but up or downe
o 575By center, or eccentric, hard to tell,
o 576Or Longitude, where the great Luminarie
o 577Alooff the vulgar Constellations thick,
o 578That from his Lordly eye keep distance due,
o 579Dispenses Light from farr
declines to say where exactly sun is, foregrounds question instead
different models of cosmology
o 588There lands the Fiend, a spot like which perhaps

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o 589Astronomer in the Sun's lucent Orbe
o 590Through his glaz'd Optic Tube yet never saw.
Multiple references to Galileo throughout poem (3)
Astronomer Galileo (second reference), only 17CE person mentioned in poem
Unreliability of vision, spots on sun that Galileo finds… previously thought to be perfect
and heavenly -> geographical phenomenon
Limits of science, potential for science to offer access, yet never fully satiate
Hunger and desire for knowledge
Spot vs Satan on solar surface… size, proportionality
Satan disguise as Cherub -> bottom hierarchy of angels
Uriel deceived, doesn’t recognize hypocrisy/deception (only God does) because devout
and good
Fraud bad sin especially because trick innocent without being aware
o 694Fair Angel, thy desire which tends to know
o 695The works of God, thereby to glorifie
o 696The great Work-Maister, leads to no excess
o 697That reaches blame, but rather merits praise
o 698The more it seems excess
Book 4
problem of knowledge in particular, question of depicting Eden
Eden supposed to be experienced not represented, not Eden if portrayed
Issue of starting book with Satan’s point of view
o 13Yet not rejoycing in his speed, though bold,
o 14Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast,
o 15Begins his dire attempt, which nigh the birth
o 16Now rowling, boiles in his tumultuous brest,
o 17And like a devillish Engine back recoiles
o 18Upon himself; horror and doubt distract
o 19His troubl'd thoughts, and from the bottom stirr
o 20The Hell within him, for within him Hell
o 21He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell
o 22One step no more then from himself can fly
o 23By change of place: Now conscience wakes despair
o 24That slumberd, wakes the bitter memorie
o 25Of what he was, what is, and what must be
o 26Worse; of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue.
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Satan’s inner perpective, echo of earlier line
Mind can make heaven of hell and hell of heaven (opening of book 1) Satan saying not
all lost, can make it better…
Was inspiring -> psychological mind of hell being worked out further
Closer to heaven -> feel out of place because bring hell (reverse of what he said before)
Perverted meaning, not that he can transform hell to fantastic place but his mind is
always condition of hell, mind is prison, can be tormented in any place even in paradise
No longer hero -> knows he can try and change but knows he won’t be able to give in to
God or repent sincerely
Only way is to continue wickedness and explore it further
Despair temporary uncertainty… because even beautiful place can’t cleanse him
Hell state of mind against God
o 37O Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams
o 38That bring to my remembrance from what state
o 39I fell, how glorious once above thy Spheare;
o 40Till Pride and worse Ambition threw me down
o 41Warring in Heav'n against Heav'ns matchless King:
o 42Ah wherefore! he deservd no such return
o 43From me, whom he created what I was
Son and Sun
God privileged Son over Satan -> ambition and jealousy -> fall
God didn’t deserve what he did to him and God did create him
Acknowledging debt relieves duty to repay it
Admitting guilt openly but against repentance, damns self in this moment, irredeemable
Emotions are written on his face that betray him counterfeit, angels should always be in
good mood -> Uriel notices
God will save humans because tricked to fall by devils, but fallen angels’ sin came from
themselves
Monumental figure -> cherub -> inner turmoil gives away disguise -> predatory animals
-> bird -> toad… becomes more lowly
Ultimate resolution to not repent
God and Son making up Godhead… justice and law -> love and compassion
Milton wants readers to think of them as Godhead, complementing each other, Father
and Son
Not theology but literature
Free will and accounting for fallen state of humans
Xianity acknowledging how humans are inherently fallen and Milton attempt to explain
how that works, how greater good comes out of fall
Disobedience and fruit -> why is fruit good thing
God tyrant vs not
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