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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Part 2.odt

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Marjorie Rubright

Titus Andronicus – Lecture 3 ➢ Introduction Romans v. Goths: setting  Check blackboard for a reading for next class  Titus Andronicus establish Shakespeare's reputation in Rome& England: parallels and the early ModernAge contrasts  Many tried to separate this from other Shakespeare's work. Succession Crisis: Titus & Queen Elizabeth 1  Filled with blood and horror.  Alot of pple couldn't believe that this was one of Shakespeare's plays. Space & Structure: theatrical ➢ Setting resources, structuring doubles  Roman Empire Revenge: the generic context  England had been part of roman empire.  England understood its history as deeply died to roman history. Passionate Grief: expressive th language  (Titus Andronicus is set in the 14 century)Height of the Roman empire but just before it's fall Reading and Rape: 2 actions  Historically, Rome was overrun by Goths & Vandalls, interconnected and central to the Northern European Germanic peoples. plot ➢ English have 2 diff stories of their origin ➢ On the one hand they'[re the pple of Brutus who left Rome Mouths: that speak, that abuse, and go North into Britain. On the other hand they are the pple that are abused, that devour of Geramic Goths. 2 competing origin stories. The point here is that Rome is a mirror to England and a kind of Language of light/dark: metaphors forewarning. When English watch this play, they thing of and tropes of “racial”thinking their own history. ➢ The forewarning idea has to do with the “succession crisis of Queen Elizabeth” It's an issue of who will become the next emperor of Rome which opens the play. The people of England care about this. In 1590s, Queen Elizabeth is on the throne. In the 1590s, she's in her 50s and is still single, & unable to bear a child. So people are thinking “who's next, who will succeed her if she has no children?” Henry the 8 isth Elizabeth's father and he shifts the religious head in England. Henry brthks with the Roman Catholic church. Due to Henry 8 pple shift from being catholic to officially declaring themselves as Protestants. This is a bloody revolution all over Europe ➢ Martin Luther was a critic of the Catholic church. He criticised the church for raising funds, to get your ancestors into heaven. Martin Luther advocates for Protestantism. Henry the 8 wants a divorce from Catherine ofAragon. Divorce is not sanctioned in Catholic church, His move to protestantism is ideological and political all at once. th ➢ Bloodshed of Henry the 8 is followed by his son being too young to succeed. His other daughter Mary is trying to move towards Catholicism again. ➢ Queen Elizabeth is a Protestant, unlike her sister Mary. ➢ Elizabeth's policy was to just show up to the Protestant ➢ church on sundays and then go home. She wasn't interested in figuring out or hunting down Protestants or etc. ➢ Act 1 – TitusAndronicus – Characters & Summary ➢ *Primogeniture - Means 1 born gets the throne. ➢ Saturninus  uses this to make his arguement; saying that he is noble and has the right to the throne.  “Noble patricians, patrons of my right...” ➢ Bassianus:  In contrast to Saturninus, Bassianus wants the people to choose and elect him. He's using a democracy approach.  “But let the desert in pure election shine-fight for freedom in your choice.” ➢ Marcus  speaks greatly of Titus making it seem like he's this ethic hero and therefore perfect candidate to lead Rome.  But Titus doesn't want to lead because of his age. ➢ Tamora:  The barbaric Queen of Goths speaks a language of mercy. It is her status as Queen to look Titus in the eye and speak to him. She's using all this Roman language to appeal to this Roman who then goes about with the ritual killing. Tamora pleads for mercy and Titus responds with a logic of eye for an eye. ➢ Who then are the barbarians?  Conventionally, barbarians are those beyond the city  Barbarians are those who don't speak your language (Goths)  Lucius demands a human sacrifice. Even Roman cultures believe in animal sacrifice. In Lucius's demand for a human sacrifice, it immediately sets the stage for a symmetrical structure.  TheAct opens with Titus killing Tamora's son and concludes with him taking the life of his own son.  Cruel parallelism – the breakdown of barabarianism. ➢ Space & Structure  How the architecture of the Early modern stage help to tell the story?  Gallery: Upper Stage  Main Stage  Cellarage: Below  Stage Directions: enter the tribunes & se
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