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35 Poems.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Daniel Tysdal

35 Poems: o Sound imagery- the sound of funeral rites, such as “passing bells” and Sir Thomas Wyatt, “Whoso List to Hunt, I Know Where Is an Hind” (Blackboard) “orisons,” is juxtaposed with the sound of war- an excessive amount of sounds o Italian Sonnet, octave and a sestet, abbacddcee in the octave o Wyatt was an admirer of Anne Boleyn and witnessed her execution o Religious sounds does not bring the men back, just adds to the noise of war o Poem acts as an extended metaphor. The hunting of a deer in the poem is an o Alliteration- rapid rifles rattle, sad shires allegory for Wyatt’s love for Anne. o Repetition- only, nor o Motivation behind the poem: warning about the dangers of chasing after Anne, o Sestet- silencing of the sound imagery, yet equally depressing because we see she is owned by the King. Wyatt has given up the chase the effect the war has on the youth- silent grieving, mourning extends the o Alludes to important figures- politically charged poem funeral rites o Parallels are drawn: god= King Henry, Caesar= Pope, Jesus= Anne, Mary o Psychological effect of the war is seen in the last time- a drawing down of Magdalene= Wyatt blinds o Last 2 lines- the voice changes to Anne instead of Wyatt. Stands as a warning John Clare, “I Am” (419) William Shakespeare, “Sonnet 18” (574) o Does the speaker have a home or community? o English sonnet ababcdcdefef gg o Speaker is institutionalized, his surrounds are made strange to him “Even the o Simile lover compared to a summer day dearest that I love the best, are strange o But the summer day is changing and it reminds the speaker that summer is o Repetition of “I am” is a way to reassure himself that his identity and selfhood short lived there are rough winds is intact, even though he has lost touch with his community and detached o Decay- gold complexion may dim o But his reassurance opposes his description of himself. He sees himself as o Volta- eternal sunshine shall not fade, followed by a repetition that reinforces vapours in a oblivious host- the mind and soul as separate from the physical the change in the Volta body- final lines is a disconnect btw himself and his body, envisions himself in o Couplet- rhyming at ends and also repetitive and beginning- language reflects heaven looking down at Earth the continuity of optimism Joy Harjo, “Song for the Deer and Myself to Return On” (175) Percy Bysshe Shelley, “Ozymandias” (577) o Free verse o Many speakers: narrator, traveler, king o Mother belly= native home o Sonnet, ababacdcedefef o Historical poem- reader recalls the displacement of natives from their former o Narrator meets a traveller, the traveller tells him about an old land in history homes, and the move to urbanization and cultural conformity over the o Travel tells the narrator about a decaying sculpture that exists. This sculpture, preservation of tradition according to the traveller, was created by an artisan who captured the firmnesso Speaker wants to sing a song to connect them back to the “mother belly” (art and authority of the king in his work as a means of accomplishing this) o But now the statues is crumbling and in not part of a grand city or kingdom o Importance of sound and connecting with the past o Passage of time leads to decay, what once may have been a symbol of power o The poem is an attempt by a community to preserve its culture in the face of a (the statue) is now a gravestone. Power decays more dominant one o Irony of the King’s message- his work has crumbled and decayed, but the Julie Cameron Gray, “Widow Fantasies” (in BCP 41) artisan’s work continues to exist. Art as a medium between time and space o Moment of private thought o Traveller’s voice is the main voice of the poem. The traveller metaphorically o ‘Creating perfection from absence’ travels through time and connects the narrator in the present to Ozymandias’ o Her storytelling about a “what if” event is described as clean, perfect, ideal in the past. By using the traveller as the main voice (rhyme scheme), the readeo Imagination creates something that can only exists in the mind and has no gets an impression about the extent to which time has been displaced place in reality Wilfred Owen, “Anthem for Doomed Youth” (548) o In reality, death isn’t clean or perfect. It is messy and can be filled with mixed o Sonnet- octave and sestet, ababcdcd effegg; iambic pentameter grieving emotions o Genre- elegy, not just for the death of the soldiers but a mourning for the boyShane Rhodes, “IntraVenus” (in BCP 75) and girls at home which he refers to as “doomed youth” o Interplay of 2 voices o Shock value o Response to AIDS- long chain to “culprits” who are responsible- boyfriend, drugo One long enjambment- why? Long relentless cycle of pawning reflects the users, drug providers historical reality of the Native situation Emily Dickinson, “The Brain—is wider than the Sky—” (452) o Museum- how can the museum replace their culture which has been eroded? o The brain as limitless- it produces and envisions the world- poem marked with Irony idealism Stanley Kunitz, “The Portrait” (514) o Human body conquering nature(the sea and the sky)- brain contains it o Free verse, enjambments o “as syllable from sound” the syllable is constructed by sound, tightly joined o Describes death as awkward- detachment together- Dickinson makes a comparison between the brain and God. Just like o Builds on top of ideas syllables and sounds, the human body is tightly wound with that of God’s o Metaphor “She locked his portrait in the deepest cabinet” Figuratively, she Langston Hughes, “Harlem” (501) tried to erase him from her memory o Metaphor o Moment preserved in time- the slap…private life. Feeling is preserved. That is o Tenor- dream deferred- the dream refers to the desire by African American to the main focus in the end be part of American culture and not be alienated and ostracized from the white o Example of how narrative and lyric poems interact community Thylias Moss, “One for All Newborns” (545) o Vehicle- raisin, sore, rotten meat, sugar, load – the different characteristicsoofGenre: nativity each vehicle try to explain what happens to the dream o Excitement over birth diminishes with age o Final vehicle- does it explode like a bomb? Hughes suggests that the dream can o Shifting agency: we take the position of the speaker, a mother at first. By the be a lot of things and it may even be suppressed, but eventually it will become end we take the position of God. Both positions are similar, exercise similar reality. The explosion of the dream marks its transition into becoming reality. agency, hopes, dreams The dream is not longer a vision. Optimistic about cha
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