ENG205- MAY 14
Sophits texts: means wisdom. Has come to mean over the years as “bullshitter”
Ancient greek poetry such as the Illiad, its fairly clear that the virture of
eloquence has always been a part of Greek culture
o You were expected to weild words just as powerfully as weapons
The sophist would travel from town to town and teach people how to prove their
cases. Was teaching people how to argue their own points of view.
CORAX: means crow; man got this nickname because you can teach crows how to
talk. Was mostly repetition
They were probably of the aristocracy in some way
They were probably almost all men
o Thats because with the exception of Sparta, most women did not have a
They were literate but that does not necessarily mean that their audience was
ENCONIUM OF HELEN
is one of few complete texts we have and we know who wrote it: Gorgias
Who is Helen? This is Helen of Troy. This is one of the most important characters
in Greek mythology.
o She was kidnapped by the Trojans and this is the story of the unity of the
Greeks to have revenge on the Trojans and bring back Helen
Enconium is a speech in praise of someone so the Enconium of Helen is the
praise of Helen
Exordium: the introduction-you try to get the audience on a side.
o To make your first impression well, to become someone the audience
wants to listen to.
His aim is to tell his audience that they have the same views. Hes asking the
audience to identify with him
He’s saying that since we share the same values, then we should agree that we
should not refute Helen