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University of Toronto St. George
C Scoville

ENG205- May 21  Aristotle started off as a student of Plato but broke out because he didn’t see things like Plato did  He started out as a biologist and was most interested in animals  Was not interested in the types of abstractions that Plato was interested in INDUCTIVE  Scattered facts and what general demonstation they share o Ex. Socrates is mortal. Plato is mortal. Aristotle is mortal. Pericles is mortal. Therefore they are all mortal  There are limitiations o You will never have unlimited results o Unrepresented sample  Plato was trying to find the perfect way of thinking. DEDUCTIVE  Start with a true general statement and find one specific example o Ex. All people are mortal and Socrates is a person therefore Socrates is mortal  deductive is limited and you are not discovering something new  there are no perfect ways of reasoning but they are useful SYLLOGISM: name of deductive argument that takes that shape  all x are y so s is x. Therefore s is y. What does this have to do with rhetoric?  Rhetoricians use a form of syllogism to make arguments o Ex. Socrates is old therefore he is wise  This type of argument assumes that you know everything.  Aristotle argues that this kind of argument is at the heart of how public speakers operate o He stresses that making an argument that makes sense is at the heart of being persuasive  The argument
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