ENG205- May 21
Aristotle started off as a student of Plato but broke out because he didn’t see things like Plato
He started out as a biologist and was most interested in animals
Was not interested in the types of abstractions that Plato was interested in
Scattered facts and what general demonstation they share
o Ex. Socrates is mortal. Plato is mortal. Aristotle is mortal. Pericles is mortal. Therefore
they are all mortal
There are limitiations
o You will never have unlimited results
o Unrepresented sample
Plato was trying to find the perfect way of thinking.
Start with a true general statement and find one specific example
o Ex. All people are mortal and Socrates is a person therefore Socrates is mortal
deductive is limited and you are not discovering something new
there are no perfect ways of reasoning but they are useful
SYLLOGISM: name of deductive argument that takes that shape
all x are y so s is x. Therefore s is y.
What does this have to do with rhetoric?
Rhetoricians use a form of syllogism to make arguments
o Ex. Socrates is old therefore he is wise
This type of argument assumes that you know everything.
Aristotle argues that this kind of argument is at the heart of how public speakers operate
o He stresses that making an argument that makes sense is at the heart of being