Eng 205-June 11
Had this way of looking at modern civilization
He argues in one of his books that modern society can be seen as a project
He wants to argue that people with everyday problems are being rational
o It is a flaw in our model of thought
He writes “the arguments” in 1958, no one noticed it and a few years later, he gets invitations to
speak at universities that he never heard of before. Americans are reading the uses of
arguments and they’re teaching it to their students. He was not asked to speak in the
philosophy departments but in the communication departments that were teaching rhetoric
He’s important to our field because of a diagram he makes up, is his major contribution to the
field since Aristotle.
o It has a lot of parts and premises
The warrant is the most crucial part. It is the bridge that holds everything together
o That Tolmen argues is that when we argue, we reason like his diagram. We don’t do this
consciously but it’s the way we work.
o Ex. We are getting ready for our exams, and a friend is fairly confident he will do well.
His confidence irritates you so you ask him how he knows that and his reasoning is that
he studied really hard. Are we really satisfied with that answer?
o It’s more complex because it has more parts. It’s grounded in a way that enthymeme is
He is arguing th