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Lecture 3

ENG100 Lecture 3.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George
Daniel Harney

Lecture 3 May-21-13 2:09 PM Lecture 3 Analytical draft due Thursday - 500 words (2 pages) - double spaced, 12pt, Times New Roman (for all assignments) - Not collected, given credit for bringing it in - 3 copies of the exact same copy, - See Blackboard for instructions & article that is being analyzed - No outside source needed - Your job = break down the components, what is the thesis? make an stance, do you agree with it? ○ Use evidence provided in the article, and bring up issues that could be explored ○ Think counter-intuitively, think outside ○ What are assumptions? - No works cited and no citations needed Also bring in the article from Blackboard. Present Online analytical article - Where's it from? - What's it address? - What's at stake? (consequences, what's at risk, what does this stand to gain or lose? - why is this person writing about this?) - What are rhetorical tools? ○ Logos? Ethos / limited viewpoint (humility) - "I'm not really an expert in the field, but this is something that should be considered"? Pathos? Precedent (you should believe me, because something like this happened before "preceeded" thus it is right)? - Is there any prescription? (what we can do?) Beware: - Examples/ anecdotes can be biased - Be skeptical ○ People can 'cherry-pick' the data that can skew the data to show the 'best ○ News is subjective news ○ Objectivity is not possible' - Rhetoric is always used to 'woo' us, to get us on their side, to see what they see - Subjective is bias Lecture 3 Argument Structures This is a universal claim, that may or may not be agreed by everyone. - Writing an argument is both an art and a craft - Art (creativity) + Craft (when editing) - Old Format ("high school format"/ "Circular") ○ Example essay: (Intro involves / thesis) Everyone knows that kids shouldn't eat fast food because it makes them fat, creates bad eating habits, and can lead to diseases. (Par 1) Fast food makes kids fat (Par 2) Bad eating habits (Par 3) Diseases (Concl) In conclusion, kids shouldn't eat fast food because as I have proven, it is fatty, encourages poor eating habits later in life, and leads to diseases like diabetes and heart disease. ○ Why this is problematic?  Self-evident (too black and white)  Close down debate (e.g. the phrase "Everyone knows that" closes the debate - if everyone knows that, then why are you writing this paper about it?) □ *Thesis = debatable, a thesis should make the reader want to argue and bring in their opinion  Assumptions made about causal relationships  Circular; static, running in place, can be boring..  Topic too broad, lose persuasive power (more specific = more interesting, more credible)  Universalisms are bad - not EVERYONE will agree with you're idea of "universal ideas" □ e.g. "While everyone believes in God,…" - some people don't believe in God at all..  Phrase: "As I have proven" … you have not proven anything.. You've only regurgitated what someone else has found.. □ Debates are not like math questions that are not absolute Lectures Page 1
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