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ENG150Y1 - Odyssey - Lecture Notes.docx

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William Robins

ENG150Y1 – LECTURE NOTES th Lecture #6 (September 26 2012) Homer’s Odyssey  Longing for home, sense of wandering is present in the odyssey  Textual phenomenon; really its people transferring and speaking of text to eachother  You don‟t have to tell a story in the order of the events of a story; basic principle  Sequential ordering is not always present  Order of events are not always the same as the order in which they are recounted; main chronological sequence, recollection of the past and anticipation of the future could be different from the actual order of the story  What matters is the relationship between the orders  Recollections of the past o Told through the narrator (through an excursus) o Or character through one‟se memoires  Anticipation of the future: o Dreams o Prophecies o Divine decrees o Character‟s expectations which may or my not be realized (desires or fears)  Deviations in narrative chronology: o Mieke bal: “playing with sequential ordering is not just a lit convention, it is also a meanins of drawing attention to certain things, to emphasizie to bring about aesthetic or psycholgocal effects to show various interpretations of a event to indicate the subtle difference between expectation and relaztion”  Two dimensions of narrative texts: o Fabula/recit o Fabula – series of logically and chronologically related events tht are caused or experienced by the characters; product of the imagination; the act of imaging the fictional world in which the events take place o Recit – produces a particular manifestation and colouring of a fabula; one can regard the recit primarily as the result of ordering o We often speak of works we read as if the fabula comes first and has been manipulated by the recit o “in medias res” latin for: “in the middle of things” o Odyssey; main order of events by book – 9-12 1-8 13-24  A rhapsode = in homer‟s poem, a performed of an epic poem such as demodocus, is called an aioidos with comes from the greek verb aiodein meaning “to sing”; another greek term for such a performer is rhapsodos which comes from the greek verb rhapsodein meaning “to stitch together”  to stitch different episodes together to create a story; to play around with time; to manipulate the order of events ^; that‟s why homer‟s poem is so popular  Pg 211  odsyeus asks T why do you want to stop D‟s singing, wonders how he shud produce the poem; begins with his name; thoroughly thinking about the order of events he will say to T  Pg 77  narrator asks for inspiration from the Muse on how to start to poem (- line10) o Seemless meandering of episodes to set up hints as to how the poem will start and end o Provides flashbacks and flashforwards  Excursus = “passages in which a newly introduced character or object/implement is described as to its nature and origin or (upon the appearance of a god) we are told where he last was, what he was doing there and by what road he reached the scence o Juxtaposition of episodes o E auerbach – the relationships among phenomena are brought to light in perfect fullness so that a continuous rhythmic procession of phenomena passes by o E is often introduced by a relative clause, “which once long ago had” o After the E the scene which had broken off is resumed  The first 8 books are an epic itself of how Telemucs needs to become a man  The first 8 is about the absence of home, social constructs and family  O is first represented as the social reprocautions  Singing poems shown as a greater calling, inspiration  We learn must of the past, social constructs through speeches and songs  Book 5: two beginnings BOOK 1 BOOK5 Prologue Gods meet n council Goods meet in council Athena and zeus Athena and zeus Hermes flies to Ogygia Athena flies to Ithaca Hermes and Calypso Athens and T Hermes flies away Athena flies away C abd odysess seas T and Mom C and O cave T and suitors C and o go to bed T goes to bed  Reorganizations episodes in different ways is shown between the two books  Contains the characteristics of oral performance o Repetition of diff motifs o Not as episodic as EOG  Epithets = odyseey 8.1-13: when young dawn with her rose-red fingers shone once more royal alcinous, hallowed island king, rose from bed and great O, raider of cities, rose too; used for metrical purposes  Pg 158-9  asks if O wants immortality, but he just wants to go back home  The wandering hero o Journeys to the farthest reaches of the world o Experiences an usatifying kind of timelessness with a beautiful goddess o Crosses deadly waters o Learns wisdom from the realm of the departed]bathes and dresses to return home o And is taken quickly hom by special boat o Gilgamesh  Siduri – sea travel – utnapishtim – sea travel – uruk o O (book 4-8,13)  Calypso – sea travel – alcinous – sea travel – Ithaca o O (b 10-12)  Circe – Lecture #7 Notes (October 1 , 2012) Homer’s Odyssey Part 2  European fairytales used the landscape of the woods; to symbolize the unknown and wandering  The forest is the landscape of the unknown, wandering, dangers  This is also evident in EOG  But the Odyssey, it is the sea that is the landscape of the unknown; represents the forces beyond one‟s control  The sea is the landscape for the first part of the Odyssey  The sea is almost a character; the descriptions of the sea is central to the story: o Book 5 pg 161 l310-355  vivid descriptions o End of book 5 pg 167 l540  simile is that of fire being rekindled, represents his only hope; O lost everything, shows his reduction  Book 6 completely changes tone when Nausicaa finds O  Dangers of the sea vs havens of comfort o Storm and dangers (from 12 ships to 1) CIRCE o Dangers and storm (from 1 ship to 1 man) CALYPSO o Stom and shipwreck (Odysseus barely alive) NAUSICAA o Women represent salvation, haven of comfort, but also represents temptation, diverting from his wife Penelope, getting a new marriage  Romance o Initital situation of stability  Status  Wealth  Family  Lover / spouse  home o Goes through multiple stages of perils  Loss  Separation  distance o And then recovery from perils  Restoration  Reunion  Return  U SHAPED PATTERN OF ROMANCE ^; Odyssey is a quintessential example of this  Subject to fortune  Characters are reduced to a core identity because they are limited; they have longing  O‟s long is his wife, it defines him  ODYSSEY: U SHAPE o Home – Trojan War – Blown Off course  O’s story begins
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