Class Notes (811,227)
Canada (494,571)
English (1,397)
ENG150Y1 (97)

Voltaire, Candide

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
David Roberts

Voltaire, Candide(Lecture 1) Romance Mode Beginning Stable Situation Stable Situation External Forces Loss, Separation Providential (F Restoration of things lost, Reunion Series of Trials This is when the protagonists go through a u shape train of loss and gain. They begin the story then are torn of everything that they have (Odysseus: losses everything) then they gain everything again (Odysseus finds home and lives happily) Candide: This is a romance where the events take their toll.  When Candide is going to save C___ with her brother, the brother moves away from traditional Romance due to his own self importance The story is a tragedy: The logic of Romance is emptied by a lot of its content? by having horrible things happen to the characters. The purpose of the story is to shock and offend. "Candide, ou l'optimisme" Optimism  If all things happen because of certain reasons and causes, if thigns happen because of Causal change, if God is all powerful (and god lies behind everything) and God is good, All of his causal changes lead to something that is good. o god works in mysterious ways  Theodicy: why bad things happen to good people, why God is kind of a dick o Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz Theodicy (1710)  Parody of Leibniz philosophy in the book o the basic idea behind optimism that Voltaire is also analogies that lies behind in Romance; that things end providentially Voltaire, Candide (Lecture 2) "whatever is, is right" is Voltaire's impression of Alexander Pope, Essay on Man (1733)  Voltaire believes that Pope's view on optimism is not fully reasonable to every day. Optimism is not consoling or useful in Voltaire's opinion. "While Candid's own experiences cannot directly refute the proposition that partial ills are necessary components of a universal good, over time they come to make that explanation sound unfeeling and arrogant." "Candide is less a formal philosophical refutation of providential reasoning than an insistence of the moral bankruptcy of a short of Optimism that comforts no one and changes nothing for the better." -P. Stewart "Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities" -Voltaire The story is formed into several blocks that form Voltaire's satire of optimism  Don Quixote; madness and naive through Chivalric literature. Candide; madness and naive through philosophy from Pangloss' teachings.  Jove and Pangloss' teachings are similar; they're vague and not actually helpful. That divine purposes are not immediately accessible and won't make sense but they're present and you must follow them.
More Less

Related notes for ENG150Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.