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Homers Iliad.docx

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Homers Iliad Book 1 9/11/2013 7:10:00 AM  occurs in the tenth and final year of the Trojan War, in the few weeks before everything falls apart  genre: epic, history, or tragedy  begins with wrath and rage  when the Iliad takes place, people went by the names of dominant tribes or regions. The most general of these names areAchaians, Danaans, andd Argives. They all mean GREEKS. BACK STORY NINE YEARS BEFORE STORY BEGINS:  Paris, Prince of Troy was in love with Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. And she was married to Menelaos, the King of Sparta, who didn't take too kindly to her running off with your standard-issue Trojan heartthrob.  To get his wife back, Menelaos turned to his brother, Agamemnon. Agamemnon raised an army and set sail for Troy. Unfortunately, things didn't go as planned. Instead of being greeted as liberators, Agamemnon's army encountered stiff resistance and were forced to settle in for a long siege. STORY BEGINS BOOK ONE:  Agamemnon is the most powerful king of the Achaeans, and Achilleus is his best warrior  Agamemnon, commander-in-chief of the Achaean forces, has taken as plunder the beautiful girl Chryseis  Chryseis' father, Chryses, is a priest of the god Apollo(god of the sun and many other things)  Chryses asks for his daughter back, and is rejected and Agamemnon offends the priests god Apollo  Agamemnon threatens to kill him if he ever comes into his presence again **Chryses is filled with rage** **Chryses prays to his god Apollo and asks for vengeance and justice**  Apollo curses Agamemnon due to how he treated his priest Chryses. He curses Agamemnon with a plague in which men and animals die mysteriously for nine days.  On the tenth day, Agamemnon calls for a meeting  Kalchas suggest that the only way to fix things is to return Chryseis.  Agamemnon yells at Kalchas but then agrees to give back Chryeis only if he gets something equal in return. Otherwise he'll be dishonored.  He says that he will only give up Chryseis if he can take Achilleus's girl, Briseis.  Achilleus give up Briseis but leaves the Achaean forces  Achilleus goes to the sea and he prays to his mother, Thetis, a sea-goddess, to come help him out.  She hears him and comes out of the sea. Achilleus tells her what happened, and asks her to put in a request with Zeus, the king of the gods. He wants her to get Zeus to help the Trojans drive the Achaians back against their ships, so that they'll know how much better off they were with Achilleus on their side.  Poem
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