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ENG202Y1 (67)

Pope: Rape of the Lock

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University of Toronto St. George
Helen Hatton

ENG202Y1 Week 17: Rape of the Lock 2/7/11 Reign of Queen Anne -1707: Great Britian = “Act of Union” => England, Scotland, and Wales -British empire = control over N America, India, etc. -1714: George of Hanover invited to assume the throne; his limited knowledge of English + Egland allows more political power in hands on Parliament => ensures no Catholic influence Intellectual Culture Scientific advancement: Newton advances mathematics, scientific method, last vestiges of heliocentricism eliminated -technology: coal mining, steam engine accelerate Industrial Revolution -Empiricism: diaries + biographies more popular => the imp of one person, ppl interested in details of daily life; human beings could ascertain truth through observation, experimentation, experience; interest in personal observation => unimportant ppl become popular through published diaries John Locke -tabula rasa = mind is blank at birth + imprinted w ideas through experience. All knowledge comes through reasoning from experience. Essay Concerning Human Behaviour -see more notes -decorum: fitness of genre + style to subject matter; etiquette -reason: human capacity to analyze + understand, including but not limited to logic; inductive reason -wit: refined cleverness, sees diff in apparent different things, -more terms: -> egalitarian, rational, etc. -nature: universally shared, unchanging features of humanity; NOT mysterious/spiritual nature seen by Romantics -> exemplified in works of ancient poets esp. Homer: “Those things which delight all ages must have been an imitation of nature” -Enthusiast: (not positive) one of hot, credulous imagination; thinks himself inspired/very fond of something. Eg. Kings who think they’re better than others= bad. -Enthusiastick: over-jealous in any one of thing -Heroic Couplet: rhyming couplet of iambic pentameter, expressed value of regularity or “smoothness”; expressive substitutions usually maintain syllable count; enjambment rejected in favour of integrity of line. Hobbes -there’s no natural virtue; we’re motivated by fear + appetitie. -therefore need civil society to create order + protect us from each other. We make a social contract where we exchange some freedoms for the security provided by a king John Wilmot, second Earl of Rochestor -libertine: his life his shaped by pursuit of pleasure, esp. sexual pleasure -> often to scandal of good society -scepticism: there are no truths which can be called to question; Aphra Behn, 1640? – 1689 -first professional woman writer in England (full rights + ownership of own works for 14 years) -Anne Finch = another female writer -Pope foreshadows the developing tensions regarding equality = eg. Wollestonecraft + Sade -Marquis de Sade => sex = mutual destruction; sex = sadomachism => questions the boundaries of human’s will to destroy -Wollestonecraft: importance of women, womanhood, mother’s contribution to society -> women aren’t the “same” as men but their sphere of work is equally important th -Restoration + 18 c: what’s in and out OUT IN -enthusiasm -wit -sonnets -heroic couplets -Metaphysical imagery -classical illusions (most ppl understand) -love -sex (material) -lyric (personal voice) -social commentary/satire -intensity -urbanity -compression -expansiveness -soul -body -forever -now Donne, the Anniversary -individual secret relationship w other person -> most imp -vs. Dryden’s thoughts on literature: lit shouldn’t be “unique” or limited to one perception. No single interpretation is unique; it’s probably shared already by a combo of intellectual ppl -comments on how Chaucer captures the individuality of each char in Canterbury Tales Royal Society of London for the Improving of Natural Knowledge, 1662 -language should be plain, concise, unlike aest
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