Lisa Moore - "The Lonely Goatherd"
• Carl thinks of the women he sleeps with as body parts, and he does with Anita
o But they are personal now, invoked by Anita's art and …?
• Reference to Signal Hill (landmark in St. John's)
o SH is where the first transatlantic wireless transmission was received.
o Listing of highly personal objects - beer bottles, burnt matches…
• Public landmark amidst personal objects.
• Entanglement between characters and …?
• Shows the connection between Carl + Anita.
• Underlying theme: is Moor commenting on the denaturing effects of our culture
and how difficult it is to find something real and original? (with all these major
o Difficulty that modern couples confront?
• Also a story of Newfoundland and Moore is against writing about the stereotype
of Newfoundland being this rural, quaint, innocent place.
o Carl is an example of a character just moving through Newfoundland (?).
Hans (German tourist that Anita sleeps with)
• Newfoundland is not static, it's changing.
• But Hans is a total stereotype himself.
Reminds us of the danger of creating stereotypes. He's
reduced to a generic sentence.
• Think about how we consider "regional writers" - Lisa Moore challenges the
stereotypes but also includes all the elements.
o Issues of relationship, alienation, distance - she explores these ideas in
Michael Redhill - "Human Elements"
• Russell can be read as a funny sort of character, even though the introduction
• Reflects on poets that felt lonely and needed to commune with nature.
• Russell surrenders himself to his depression - dramatic context he places on
o He sees the hope - sun rising earlier, children playing, etc.
o His poetic disposition allows him to pick up on these signs.
• 437: Leaves poetry, but he would have continued suffering for it.
o Leaves his apartment and goes to the cabin to try and start writing
• Poets enterprise to enter nature to stimulate his ability to write
• He appreciates his loneliness, feels comfortable - but doesn't feel
spurred on to write poetry. That feeling comes with the arrival of other
• 439: inversion of Russell's expectations - human activity helps him, not nature. • 440: testing of our interpretive sensibilities when he resumes writing poetry
• 448: Russell gives us an indication and how he expands on his two lines of
poetry. Experimentation. Adding and changing human elements.
Distressing exercise because it came easier now than when he was
trying to force writing ?
• Think about how you might do close reading of his poem:
o Balance through time and human elements.
o Maybe it's just rubbish?
• Russell is aware of Sylvain and that she has a great connection and better so to
poetry than Russell does. (448)
o His inability to interpret them. A literary way of reading.
o Russell was operating under a false perspective of the poetic enterprise.