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ENG220 Last Lecture

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University of Toronto St. George
Elizabeth Harvey

Tempest 4/4/2012 11:31:00 AM  Caliban and irony of freedom vs slavery  2.1 opening  Antonio and Sebastian… swords drawn to overthrow Alonso  Sebastian excuses  3.2 Caliban… begns to tell Stephano and Trinculo about tyrant who chased him out of island, second plot  Hindu mythology… if body missing during sleep, soul wanders forever lost  “Why, as I told thee… I cried to dream again”  crossing back and forth of border between dreaming, sleeping and waking  repetition in passage itself lexical weaving, web of imagination of consciousness, one becomes the other, fluid alternation of states  lyricism of Caliban’s language  close to Prospero himself, as masters of language  Caliban’s language describes island and bringing it vivdly to mind through beauty and specificity of language (although he claims he learned language only to curse), Prospero rules and masters island by magic and spells  3.3 Alonso, Gonzalo, Sebastian  Prospero’s magic invoked to produce shows of imagination  Masque, theatrical entertainment  Blackface  4.1 Prospero: Then, as my gift… As Hymen’s lamps shall light you  marriage contract between Miranda and Ferdinand forged, Prospero happy but wants to contain it… clear with Ferdinand, kind of gift, but if break virgin-knot, no sweet aspersion to make this contract grow but hate…  begins to sound like Caliban, growing capacity to curse, just holding his capacity in check  4.1 Prospero, Iris, Ceres… pastoral in confines of art, words simply residue… nature imaged vs art allowing presentation giving it shape and form… just like larger play is dialectic between fertility and barreness of island, power of Prospero to master and work nature… nature-art-pastoral dialectic, ecology, human and ambient world relationship  4.1 You do look, my son… to still my heating mind dreams… retirement speeches of Prospero, being old, losing energy…  Subtext: Aeneid  Harpies  Mermaids of the air, beautiful vs awful and violent -> latter one in the play  Foul the banquet table  Hybrid, winged creatures of air but human features  What is human, what is animal, what is spirit  Dante’s Inferno  Ariel  You fools! …. And a clear life ensuing  Minister of faith  Table carried away  Prospero” Bravely the figure of this harpy has thou… Gonzalo: May now provoke..  Monstrous  Vitalism, nature own presence and consciousness  Servitude  3.1 Ferdinand and Miranda  There be some sports… mistresses I serve
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