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6 Things You Need to Know about Shakespeare (Part 4 and 5 of 6)

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University of Toronto St. George
Jeremy Lopez

ENG220 - 6 Things you NEED to know when Studying Shakespeare IV Wed. 19th September 2012 4. Shx was one of many playwrights writing between 1576-1642  Timeline of Period o 1576: Theatre (commercial playing space) o 1599: The Globe o 1603: QEI - James I o 1616: Shx dies o 1625: James I --> Charles I o 1642: Civil War, theatres closed  Theatres: congregation  Commercial playing space  Occasionally a sight of violence/controversy o 1660: Theatres re-opened, Charles II  Shakespeare is one among many o Pre-Shx Playwrights  Lyly (Shx imitated)  Peele  Greene  Marlowe (Shx competed & imitated) o During Shx Playwrights (circa 1595-1608) (major names)  Ben Jonson  Thomas Dekker  Thomas Middleton  John Webster  Thomas Heywood  George Chapman  Beaumont & John Fletcher  Collaborative playwright o After Shx (1616-)  John Fletcher  Philip Massinger  John Ford  John Shirley  Richard Brome o anon.  Large portion of plays written throughout this time  Someone without identity/with lost identity  Deals with the issue of authorship (see 6 Things: I)  Playing Company o Unit of theatrical production o Associating plays w/ playing companies is much easier o Various Companies (during Shx's central career)  Men/Servents interchangeable  Lord Chamberlain's Men  The Lord Admiral's Men  King's Men/Queen's Men  Children of Pauls  Children of the Chapel o 1570s: Law made against vagrancy (wandering aimlessly, unaffiliated)  Eg. Bands of strolling players, 'freelance entertainers'  Adult Companies  Playing companies had to enlist a gov. official to 'license' them to perform, as a 'servant' and to bear the crest of their allegiance, etc.  Propaganda tool, keeping players under control  Element of servitude, patronage  Children Companies  i.e. Children of Pauls/of the Chapel  Groups of professional troupes/boy actors organized by businessmen  Performed in buildings closely attached to 'x' religious spaces  15th century- (Henry IV)  Those in charge of re
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