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ENG250Y1 - T. Paine & T. Jefferson - Lecture Notes.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENG250Y1
Professor
Tony Fong
Semester
Fall

Description
ENG250Y1 – LECTURE NOTES September 23, 2013: Reflection Questions: 1. Why does Paine compare American-British relations with familial strife?  to stress that the parent country is only concerned for her well-being and not the well- being of America  America struggles because they are an extension of Britain; because they are associated with the parent, the parent's enemies become theirs as well  the parent could use the child as a bargaining tool; could forfeit control and give America away to some other European state  evokes the past; fight for future generations  an analogy of the parentalistic feeling  family life is a universal feeling and can be easily understood  it's the role of the parent to leave a foundation for the child; not abuse it like britain is doing  pg 326 "now is the seed ... name engraved with a point of a pin ... characters"; the smallest thing could be scaring and catastrophic; no sense of healing really; America is the seed of the British; they need to be nourished but they aren't getting that - so it's better to separate from unfit parents  "I have heard it asserted ... connection... next twenty" pg 326 = what a child needs changes; contradictory to the above quote  America is described as a verrial man of 20  gender slippages is significant = calls Britain mother and father  pg 327 = "Europe is not the parent of America ... false...ungenerous"; contradictory to his parent analogy  getting his readers to think as a parent now on pg 329, unlike before where he gets his readers to think as children; 2. How would you describe Paine's writing style?  I think its persuasive in its reverse psychology; by labelling his arguments as not his own, but of common sense, this creates the sense that the reader should already know or acknowledge these supposed obvious points - if they don't the reader will feel unintelligent; so the reader might agree with Paine initially out of fear of being ridiculed but will then come to terms with the reasoning and start to believe in what Paine is stressing  describes his reasonings as common sense and simple facts (325) so as not to seem like a sermon  stresses that it is duty for Americans to separate themselves from the parent country  says that time makes more converts than reason (325)  uses threats or warnings (328)  points out that there is no advantage of being connected to Britain (328)  lists counter-arguments or opinions and then refutes them (ex:327 - but Britain is the parent country, say some)  appeals to the emotions 3. How does Jefferson's original draft of the Declaration compare with the final version? What are the effects of the revision?  the versions are different because one states that USA would be independent in present and future generations, whereas the other doesn't necessarily stress that The Revolution Why rebel? T. Paines’ “Common Sense”:  British participation in the seven years' war put them under debt  the Americans were a good source of income  King George thought it was right for America to share the burden of the war and that's why taxes were placed on goods; why America had an army for Britain  the stamp act infuriated the Americans in 1775; in order to make something legally binding, they had to be stamped - Americans thought this unfair because they weren't part of parliament  the sons of liberty inspired violent uprising; before they used pamphlets; before they weren't mobilized to make any changes; attacked gangs  Thomas Hutcherson recommended the tax, at least a rumour  they hung an effigy and riots continued  Hutcherson removed the effigy  rioters destroyed the Hutcherson house and the stamp act was repealed later  Boston was under siege  some believed a compromise was possible, others thought the only option was separation  political pamphlets were a popular way to spread the ideology  Paine saw the colonies as a united front separate from Britain  wanted Americans to think about the past relationship with Britain; to acknowledge the abuse  pg 326 "now is the seed ... name engraved with a point of a pin ... characters"; the smallest thing could be scaring and catastrophic; no sense of healing really; America is the seed of the British; they need to be nourished but they aren't getting that - so it's better to separate from unfit parents  "I have heard it asserted ... connection... next twenty" pg 326 = what a child needs changes; contradictory to the above quote  America is described as a verrial man of 20  gender slippages is significant = calls Britain mother and father  pg 327 = "Europe is not the parent of America ... false...ungenerous"; contradictory to his parent analogy  getting his readers to think as a parent now on pg 329, unlike before where he gets his readers to think as children  Oedipus analogy; the father and son are at odds through the mother  Paine is using tragedy as warnings; if you don't want to end up like Romeo and Juliet for example, then fight for American independence  Paine had nothing outside of his writing; was a complete failure before becoming an author  Ben franklin thought he was ingenious  his ideas are jumbled  Eric Foner: what made Paine unique was that he forged a new political language; he did not simple change meanings of words, he created a literary style designated to bring his message to the widest possible audience. his rhetoric was clear, simple and straightforward; his arguments rooted in the common experiences of a mass readership Europe is too thickly planted with kingdoms to be long at peace, and whenever a war breaks out between England and any foreign power, the trade of America goes to ruin, because of her connection with Britain. The next war may not turn out like the last, and should it not, the advocates for reconciliation now will be wishing for separation then, because, neutrality in that case, would be a safer convoy than a man of war. Every thing that is right or natural pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, „TIS TIME TO PART. Even the distance at which the Almighty hath placed England and America, is a strong and natural proof, that the authority of the one, over the other, was never the design of Heaven. The time likewise at which the continent was discovered, adds weight to the argument, and the manner in which it was peopled encreases the force of it. The reformation was preceded by the discovery of America, as if the Almighty graciously meant to open a sanctuary to the persecuted in future years, when home should afford neither friendship nor safety.The authority of Great-Britain over this continent, is a form of government, which sooner or later must have an end: And a serious mind can draw no true pleasure by looking forward, under the painful and positive conviction, that what he calls “the present constitution” is merely temporary. As parents, we can have no joy, knowing that this government is not sufficiently lasting to ensure any thing which we may bequeath to posterity: And by a plain method of argument, as we are running the next generation into debt, we ought to do the work
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