Thomas King's, Green Grass, Running water Part 1
Two interrelated goals:
going against an anglo colonial lifestyle
King is resisting mechanisms of colonial power and colonial discourses that allow
more extensive critique of the stereotypes.
other forms of disempowerment associated with race and gender.
broader strategies of race and gender are under review
act of cultural reclamation
taking back of native culture
story telling techniques
native cultural practises
effaced by the west
Fort Marion Ledger Art
addresses it in a didactic way at the beginning of the novel
variety of mythical characters dragged to fort marion
Dr. Frank's lecture at the beginning
the plains indians had suffered extensive combat and displacement
they were shunted off to reservations to make place for the europeans
1874: various tribes had broken out of their reservations to protect the Buffalo
these tribes fought engagements.
conflicts and fights with american soldiers
determined to protect their culture, they rebelled
they thought their way of life was disappearing
they were losing a really imp way of life
to put a stop to their efforts, the american people burnt their villages and camps
the american army forced them into starvation and defeated them by wearing them out
the horses began to perish
then during the winter, the indians began to perish they eventually surrendered to officials
the govt rounded up the notorious hostiles (those who resisted in a rampant way)
those considered guilty were locked up and the most rampant ones were chained
they were taken to oklahoma,
in april 1875, without trial, the prisoners were chained and taken from oklahoma to
florida and imprisoned in a dank 17th century, spanish stone fort called
King repeatedly alludes this journey
highlights the fact that the prisoners became warrior artists while they were there
They would not have gained public attention if not for their jailer.
Lt. Pratt decided to rehabilitate them.
taught reading and writing, religious intstiction and do manual labor
he wanted them to make money by producing crafts. and selling to the public
autobiographical picture art
this was the Fort Marion Ledger Art
they are known collectively as the Plains Indians Ledger Art. Very famous today
Black Hawk ledger
dream vision of himself riding a buffalo eagle
documenting what happened during the journey too.
way to help reduce the boredom of confinement. Albertas students remain uninterested
only attentive student asks the question : what happened to the 72 indians?
readers sense that the students overlook the significance of this lecture
text emphasizes on the centrality of the episode
Page 99 : bunch of indians on the train with the chains on their legs
Page 100 : First woman refuses to remain imprisoned
the runaways who are all women in disguise, take on the names of white people
Robinson Crusoe, Ishmael, etc. traditionally paired with indigenous colonized sidekicks
Robinson Crusoe had friday, etc. white guys with native sidekicks
ironic inversion of the sidekicks
reclaims the names of settlers appropriating the names of indians. its an inversion of the
traditional power dynamic
twist on what we;re used to. changes the power structure
native woman who is able to control and appropriate the structure
All the women constitute the cycle of life in traditional native societies in part 2 the tale of changing woman ends similarly with her being dragged .
225 - soldiers with rifles everywhere. indians drawing pictures
old woman story ends in the same way - her being put into a train to florida.
recurring theme - back to florida
what does it mean to produce art when your culture is being annihilated>
the fact that they're writing and drawing in ledger books shows resistance too
ledger books are not just for tallying but organizing the disempoweremnt of native
when the indians took the ledger books and bgan to draw. what they're doing
figuratively is quietly asserting their own narrative