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Lecture 4

Lecture 4.rtf

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Vikki Visvis

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Lecture 4 Thomas King's, Green Grass, Running water Part 1 Two interrelated goals: resistance literature going against an anglo colonial lifestyle King is resisting mechanisms of colonial power and colonial discourses that allow stereotypes. more extensive critique of the stereotypes. other forms of disempowerment associated with race and gender. broader strategies of race and gender are under review act of cultural reclamation taking back of native culture story telling techniques native dialogues native cultural practises illegitimate borrowing effaced by the west Fort Marion Ledger Art addresses it in a didactic way at the beginning of the novel variety of mythical characters dragged to fort marion Dr. Frank's lecture at the beginning the plains indians had suffered extensive combat and displacement they were shunted off to reservations to make place for the europeans 1874: various tribes had broken out of their reservations to protect the Buffalo these tribes fought engagements. conflicts and fights with american soldiers determined to protect their culture, they rebelled they thought their way of life was disappearing they were losing a really imp way of life to put a stop to their efforts, the american people burnt their villages and camps the american army forced them into starvation and defeated them by wearing them out the horses began to perish then during the winter, the indians began to perish they eventually surrendered to officials the govt rounded up the notorious hostiles (those who resisted in a rampant way) those considered guilty were locked up and the most rampant ones were chained they were taken to oklahoma, in april 1875, without trial, the prisoners were chained and taken from oklahoma to florida and imprisoned in a dank 17th century, spanish stone fort called fort marion King repeatedly alludes this journey highlights the fact that the prisoners became warrior artists while they were there "florida boys" They would not have gained public attention if not for their jailer. Lt. Pratt decided to rehabilitate them. taught reading and writing, religious intstiction and do manual labor he wanted them to make money by producing crafts. and selling to the public autobiographical picture art this was the Fort Marion Ledger Art they are known collectively as the Plains Indians Ledger Art. Very famous today Black Hawk ledger dream vision of himself riding a buffalo eagle cultural reclamation documenting what happened during the journey too. way to help reduce the boredom of confinement. Albertas students remain uninterested only attentive student asks the question : what happened to the 72 indians? readers sense that the students overlook the significance of this lecture text emphasizes on the centrality of the episode Page 99 : bunch of indians on the train with the chains on their legs Page 100 : First woman refuses to remain imprisoned the runaways who are all women in disguise, take on the names of white people Robinson Crusoe, Ishmael, etc. traditionally paired with indigenous colonized sidekicks Robinson Crusoe had friday, etc. white guys with native sidekicks ironic inversion of the sidekicks reclaims the names of settlers appropriating the names of indians. its an inversion of the traditional power dynamic twist on what we;re used to. changes the power structure native woman who is able to control and appropriate the structure All the women constitute the cycle of life in traditional native societies in part 2 the tale of changing woman ends similarly with her being dragged . 225 - soldiers with rifles everywhere. indians drawing pictures old woman story ends in the same way - her being put into a train to florida. recurring theme - back to florida what does it mean to produce art when your culture is being annihilated> the fact that they're writing and drawing in ledger books shows resistance too ledger books are not just for tallying but organizing the disempoweremnt of native people. when the indians took the ledger books and bgan to draw. what they're doing figuratively is quietly asserting their own narrative metaphorically
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