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ENG252Y1 - Lecture #2.docx

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Vikki Visvis

ENG252Y1 – LECTURE NOTES September 16, 2013: Canada's Origins exploration journals:  earliest form of Canadian literature stems from these  developed in 16-18th century  noteworthy for their language, landscaping, and simple  literature dimensions are reduced to biblical allusions = the quest, the odyssey, and the ordeal  each transforms the narrator into some form of a hero epistolary fiction:  fiction written in the form of letters  the Emily Montague story is Canada’s first novel  started by Francis Brookes  unites politics and romance  feminist argument running through = marry for love, revolutionary thinking; romantic subplot was considered provocative settler narratives:  transitioning literature into the 19th century  less complaining than the journals  started by Suzanne moody and Katherine Partrail social satire:  gained popularity in the 19th, most well-known is Hamilton  emphasized British politics documentary romance:  popular in fiction  detailing historical events in a melodramatic way, pulpy novel with pulpy characters set in a historical place, popular novel is Wacoosta, written for a popular audience, not a literary novel sentimentality:  has sympathy and sorrow, became popular with Anne of green gables author social reform:  serious women's movement during this time  1920s’ time of getting the right to vote  theme of independence and recognition  popularized by Duncan  women are placed in situations and the reader watch how they contend in the situation  how women carve a sense of self animal sketches:  developed just in Canada  emerged through realistic animal short fiction, parables  animals are able to talk and wear clothing  teach readers how to behave, moral tales, meant to be didactic, observed and understood in their own times  is in short story form  Charles G.G Robert, Thompson Ceaton were the most well-known  based on direct observation, from the belief that animals have their own psychological mind, a way of thinking in their own right  differed from animal short stories in the US and the British because they focus on imperialism or the hunter figure; Canadian ones just focus solely on the animal, we understand the animal in a realistic way confederation poets:  the confederation group was the most important movement during this time  adhere to romantic literary conventions  focus on the natural world and not the industrial  during this time there was an increase of awareness as Canada as a nation, but there is a struggle between seen as a nation yet still and British colony realism:  during this time, the international literary movement is modernism, but Canada went through this movement, a mirror of life, things are familiar, identifiable, most prominent and popular genre of the 20th century  popularity had a lot to do with building nationalism; Canada went from Victorian fiction to postmodernism critics thought and skipped a modernist movement, but it was difficult to publish modernist literature because the want was for realist fiction, national romance and the land:  Canada as a nation became a major topic in literature  preoccupation with Canada as a nation, focuses on what makes Canada, Canada, typifying  Canada as distinct as a nation, looks at representation of the world and alluding to historical movements, modern experimentation:  during the time of realism in prose  poetry followed the modernist trend because it was easier to self-publish short works of modernist beliefs women writers:  focus on issues of subjectivity and identity  the figure of the artist and the romance narrative and what it does for women postmodernism:  Linda Hunchin theorizes that Canadian postmodernism is distinct from others, argues that Canada is a postmodernist nation because of its non-deciding or refusing of a single identity  Canada finds unity in disunity - paradox multiculturalism:  became visible in the 80s and1990s  originally published in anthologies, immigrants suffer from a double identity  looked at what the dual identities were like, emphasized how someone could maintain their cultural distinctiveness  reflected the culture and politics of the time, also compromises of natives as well who feel as outsiders like immigrants postcolonial canada:  binary thinking, a sense of independence from Britain and a sense of sovereignty  still tensions between ties to Britain and fighting for autonomy from Britain reconstructing history:  history of authority of metafiction = skepticism of authority  there are distinct themes that overlap between the three 16-18th century genres of literature  there is a theme of native cultures and the representation of native society  represented as savages or noble savage and conform to the stereotypes of inferiority  there is a tension though betwe
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