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ENG303 130121.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

 Protestant Work Ethic – anxiety (election?) -> labour (sign?) -> consolation (grace, if you’re chosen…) beginning and end converge  Sonnet 7: octavo (unripe) -> sestet (in strictest measure) -> couplet (if I have grace)  Beginning and end converge  sola fide, sola gratia (faith alone, grace alone), faith, not works, Calvinist predestination  Theme of exact fulfillment, divine predestined lot mimicked and fulfilled in sonnet form, “strictest measure even”  Discipline of sonnet form help him work through constellation, comfort  Vocation, election and salvation  Consoling self through using scripture  Parable of the Talents and Parable of Workers in the Vineyard  Sonnet 7 and reference to great Taskmasters -> Talents/Vineyard… Time leads me and the will of Heaven, if I have grace to use it so…  Milton mobilizing talents, needs to justify that has a gift of God, sin to waste it  Third servant who got cast out into darkness, teeth gnashing…  Can’t help but identify with third servant (only given 1 talent, not risking it…)  Workers -> assurance that whenever one comes to salvation, will be saved  Church and Government  God requires work (anxiety) vs consoling (anxiety again)  Both parables converge with anxieties  Milton – inherent qualities in all vs elitist  Doesn’t matter when he produces/works, will be rewarded with strictest measure, accepted by God  “will” in parable and Milton (servants have will to do something, Milton has will of heaven)  cycle of vanity -> realizing vanity -> vanity… reflection on being taskmaster himself?  Punning and playing, cycle  Taskmaster – God?  Tension, eye of God always watching, intimidating  Letter to a Friend  Sonnet 7 enclosed in this letter 1633  Anonymous friend, most likely clergyman, context of recent encounter in which friend criticized Milton for not doing anything in his life/delay in taking orders of becoming minister  Lengths Milton goes to explain himself  Obscure and unserviceable to mankind… going to give an account of tardy moving  Acknowledge chosen path may not be natural  Nature would usually draw man to other things (get a house, marry) or draw him to fame (hasten to publish and make mark on world)  Talks of studying as poor, regardless sin of curiosity… cuts self from action and become helpless creature… acknowledge not ideal or natural path but chose for himself  Start with one parable reference to the other (talents -> vineyard)  Has talent, but waits with religious advisement how best to undergo, not worrying it’s late, using advantage to be more fit… holding off on meaning of parable of talents, thinking through -> don’t have to invest talent right away, have to think through plan  Evoking parable in certain way but not giving it justice, fitting more to other parable, forgetting about the past one  Faith alone, grace alone -> also important to get out of the intermediary pretenses, have copy of bible in original and vernacular… act of reading is Protestant gesture, like writing poem (reading and working through scripture self)  Lessons of parable being negotiated to his advantage  Lycidas  Addre
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