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 Book7  Celestial descent into human through invocation  Comparing self to Orpheus, poet figure, Republican who narrowly escaped execution  Milton himself becomes solitary Abdiel figure  50Though wandring. He with his consorted Eve  51The storie heard attentive, and was fill'd  implies Eve hears, but later hears through Adam and overheard angel as he left (book 8)  some discrepancies in poem about where Eve is  all the more important to note why these mistakes happen  clues for reading Milton’s relationship with Eve character  59With Blessedness. Whence Adam soon repeal'd  60The doubts that in his heart arose: and now  61Led on, yet sinless, with desire to know  62What neerer might concern him, how this World  63Of Heav'n and Earth conspicious first began,  64When, and whereof created, for what cause,  65What within Eden or without was done  66Before his memorie, as one whose drouth  67Yet scarce allay'd still eyes the current streame,  68Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites,  69Proceeded thus to ask his Heav'nly Guest.  Immediately wants to learn more, led on yet sinless… thirst unquenched  Led on, but not sinless vs led on, not sinless yet  Line embodies concept of free will that poem is trying to reiterate  Potential for imperfection, delicate balance that has to be constantly checked and maintained  Adam’s question meant to be good thing  Responsibility of exercising capacities with free will  Free to make choice and need to discipline making self able to make choice, work  Angelic epic in middle because God’s revelation supposed to be ongoing process of interrogation, Adam challenging God, debates  Conversation and contemplation, questioning important values  112Obtaine: though to recount Almightie works  113What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice,  114Or heart of man suffice to comprehend?  115Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve  116To glorifie the Maker, and inferr  117Thee also happier, shall not be withheld  118Thy hearing, such Commission from above  119I have receav'd, to answer thy desire  120Of knowledge within bounds; beyond abstain  121To ask, nor let thine own inventions hope  122Things not reveal'd, which th' invisible King,  123Onely Omniscient, hath supprest in Night,  124To none communicable in Earth or Heaven:  125Anough is left besides to search and know.  126But Knowledge is as food, and needs no less  127Her Temperance over Appetite, to know  128In measure what the mind may well contain,  129Oppresses else with Surfet, and soon turns  130Wisdom to Folly, as Nourishment to Winde.  Bodily metaphors, appetite for knowledge pushed further  Want too much -> gluttony, wisdom to folly  243Let ther be Light, said God, and forthwith Light  244Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure  245Sprung from the Deep, and from her Native East  246To journie through the airie gloom began,  247Sphear'd in a radiant Cloud, for yet the Sun  248Was not; shee in a cloudie Tabernacle  249Sojourn'd the while. God saw the Light was good;  250And light from darkness by the Hemisphere  251Divided: Light the Day, and Darkness Night  252He nam'd. Thus was the first Day Eev'n and Morn:  253Nor past uncelebrated, nor unsung  254By the Celestial Quires, when Orient Light  255Exhaling first from Darkness they beheld;  256Birth-day of Heav'n and Earth; with joy and shout  257The hollow Universal Orb they fill'd,  258And touch't thir Golden Harps, and hymning prais'd  259God and his works, Creatour him they sung,  260Both when first Eevning was, and when first Morn.  Echo Genesis  505There wanted yet the Master work, the end  506Of all yet don; a Creature who not prone  507And Brute as other Creatures, but endu'd  508With Sanctitie of Reason, might erect  509His Stature, and upright with Front serene  510Govern the rest, self-knowing, and from thence  511Magnanimous to correspond with Heav'n,  man distinguished with reason  Book 8  8The thirst I had of knowledge, and voutsaf't  9This friendly condescention to relate  10Things else by me unsearchable, now heard  11With wonder, but delight, and, as is due,  12With glorie attributed to the high  13Creator; something yet of doubt remaines,  14Which onely thy solution can resolve.  Adam’s thirst for knowledge, always want more  When I behold this goodly Frame, this World  16Of Heav'n and Earth consisting, and compute,  17Thir magnitudes, this Earth a spot, a graine,  18An Atom, with the Firmament compar'd  19And all her numberd Starrs, that seem to rowle  20Spaces incomprehensible (for such  21Thir distance argues and thir swift return  22Diurnal) meerly to officiate light  23Round this opacous Earth, this punctual spot,  24One day and night; in all thir vast survey  25Useless besides, reasoning I oft admire,  26How Nature wise and frugal could commit  27Such disproportions, with superfluous hand  28So many nobler Bodies to create,  29Greater so manifold to this one use,  30For aught appeers, and on thir Orbs impose  31Such restless revolution day by day  32Repeated, while the sedentarie Earth,  33That better might with farr less compass move,  34Serv'd by more noble then her self, attaines  35Her end without least motion, and receaves,  36As Tribute such a sumless journey brought  37Of incorporeal speed, her warmth and light;  38Speed, to describe whose swiftness Number failes.  Adam asking about disproportion between earth and celestial bodies, how is it that universe made to serve one little spot, man to earth  Why would nature do something so inefficient  Book 4 ~658 -> Eve asked Adam same question, why should stars shine when no one there to appreciate them, how could these be just for them  How could Raphael be here to serve him  Before Raphael’s response ->  39So spake our Sire, and by his count'nance seemd  40Entring on studious thoughts abstruse, which Eve  41Perceaving where she sat retir'd in sight,  42With lowliness Majestic from her seat,  43And Grace that won who saw to wish her stay,  44Rose, and went forth among her Fruits and Flours,  45To visit how they prosper'd, bud and bloom,  46Her Nurserie; they at her coming sprung  47And toucht by her fair tendance gladlier grew.  48Yet went she not, as not with such discourse  49Delighted, or not capable her eare  50Of what was high: such pleasure she reserv'd,  51Adam relating, she sole Auditress;  52Her Husband the Relater she preferr'd  53Before the Angel, and of him to ask  54Chose rather; hee, she knew would intermix  55Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute  56With conjugal Caresses, from his Lip  57Not Words alone pleas'd her. O when meet now  58Such pairs, in Love and mutual Honour joyn'd?  59With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went;  60Not unattended, for on her as Queen  61A pomp of winning Graces waited still,  62And from about her shot Darts of desire  63Into all Eyes to wish her still in sight.  64And Raphael now to Adam's doubt propos'd  65Benevolent and facil thus repli'd.  very moment Adam asks question Eve asked, she leaves because men are in high abstract philosophical conversation  great majesty in leaving  leaves not because she doesn’t want to hear or is incapable of understanding, but because prefer to hear from Adam  was sitting retired in sight, Eve “ministered naked” -> while Raphael and Adamm eating (they’re also naked, but as fallen readers… power differential and hierarchy)  prefers to be caressed, one-on-one  framing Christians and how they understand hierarchy  Eve problem figure  Acknowledging her place in hierarchy, intellectual stimulation not enough for her  Obedience, service  Is this moment different in some way  Eve is cut off and different from moment she leaves, repetition of themes but creates difference problematic…  Access to information  Rapahel giving crucial education in human ability to hold up bargain with God  Eve does have rational capabilities, free will and capability to resist temptation but not given opportunity to learn by discoursive reasoning like Adam does  How much can Adam be trusted as info relayer (end of book 8 -> Adam all weird)  Divided impulse  Eve not just weak figure of patriarchal Renaissance culture, more than that  Milton is man of his time  Raphael’s answer  Shouldn’t ask these questions because not important in God and human relationship  God decided to conceal true nature of universe from angels and humans, open to dispute so God can be amused by different opinions perhaps  85Alreadie by thy reasoning this I guess,  86Who art to lead thy ofspring, and supposest  87That bodies bright and greater should not serve  88The less not bright, nor Heav'n such journies run,  89Earth sitting still, when she alone receaves  90The benefit: consider first, that Great  91Or Bright inferrs not Excellence: the Earth  92Though, in comparison of Heav'n, so small,  93Nor glistering, may of solid good containe  94More plenty then the Sun that barren shines  95Whose vertue on it self workes no effect,  96But in the fruitful Earth; there first receavd  97His beams, unactive else, thir vigour find.  98Yet not to Earth are those bright Luminaries  99Officious, but to thee Earths habitant.  100And for the Heav'ns wide Circuit, let it speak  101The Makers high magnificence, who built  102So spacious, and his Line stretcht out so farr;  103That Man may know he dwells not in his own;  104An Edifice too large for him to fill,  105Lodg'd in a small partition, and the rest  106Ordain'd for uses to his Lord best known.  Great things aren’t necessarily best or most excellent, small thing can have more good  Sun is bright but barren, although rays effective in how they touch earth  Made for earth’s inhabitant  God’s magnificence, huge incredible earth for man who can’t even know what it’s all for  Push against Adam’s questioning, why wouldn’t it be created for humans, undercut logic  119God to remove his wayes from human sense,  120Plac'd Heav'n from Earth so farr, that earthly sight,  121If it presume, might erre in things too high,  122And no advantage gaine. What if the Sun  123Be Center to the World, and other Starrs  124By his attractive vertue and thir own  125Incited, dance about him various rounds?  126Thir wandring course now high, now low, then hid,  127Progressive, retrograde, or standing still,  128In six thou seest, and what if sev'nth to these  129The Planet Earth, so stedfast though she seem,  130Insensibly three different Motions move?  Daily motions, rotation of axis and around sun  After arguing on basis of Ptolemic system -> Galileo, can’t argue for neither  159But whether thus these things, or whether not,  160Whether the Sun predominant in Heav'n  161Rise on the Earth, or Earth rise on the Sun  162Hee from the East his flaming rode begin,  163Or Shee from West her silent course advance  164With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps  165On her soft Axle, while she paces Eev'n,  166And beares thee soft with the smooth Air along,  167Sollicit not thy thoughts with matters hid,  168Leave them to God above, him serve and feare;  169Of other Creatures, as him pleases best,  170Wherever plac't, let him dispose: joy thou  171In what he gives to thee, this Paradise  172And thy faire Eve; Heav'n is for thee too high  173To know what passes there; be lowlie wise:.  174Think onely what concernes thee and thy being;  175Dream not of other Worlds, what Creatures there  176Live, in what state, condition or degree,  177Contented that thus farr hath been reveal'd  178Not of Earth onely but of highest Heav'n.  problem provoked over and over -> we don’t know, shouldn’t ask, Adam’s place to be lowly, don’t disturb thoughts with what he can’t understand  but Raphael spent past books teaching about other worlds -> don’t dream about other worlds  incompatibility between drive and desire for knowledge  “and thy fair Eve” -> double meaning in placement, warning to Eve  -> before eating fruit; render me more equal  Eve’s problem and endless question of inequality  Hierarchy where repetitions created, animals < Eve < Adam < angels < God  Fluid, potential for movement idea, but readers still feel something about gender distinction, takes out of hierarchy in some way  Stresses how gender supposed to be equal  Confusing physical description, difference (book 4) but emphasize they’re equal, Adam wants equal to be created (not happy with animals)  Hugely controversial  Adam desperate to keep conversation going  209Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply:  210For while I sit with thee, I seem in Heav'n,  211And sweeter thy discourse is to my eare  212Then Fruits of Palm-tree pleasantest to thirst  213And hunger both, from labour, at the houre 
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