May 25th 2011
Why does Montgomery create this relationship with Anna and Diana?
• Does this suggest Anne is a lesbian
• Reinforces the hetro sexual norm
• Gender politics in the novel - set up as rebellious but is ultimately
discarded of the norm
• Women's love for each other is a source of power and reinforces the
hetrosexuality is compulsory.
• Only post-pone hetrosexuality
• Siblings - matthew and marilla, explores different family arrangements
which are equally fulfilling.
• Diana and Anne who toy with the language of courtship
• Alternatives to hetrosexual romance are not particularly attractive
• Draws attention to both patriarchy and hetro sexuality
• Thematic colonel of the novel: Acceptance
• Cheering for nation
• Depictiion of Canada as a nation , connection with england
• Idea of independent nation - until thw 1970s colonial arrangement
stayed well into the 20th century
• Discussion of motherhood - ongoing affiliation
• Motherhood is celebrated - anne with minnie may, motherhood of Anne
• Figure of mother , women and girls learning to be mothers
• Novel is about the conversion of an old woman from spinsterhood to a
kind of spiritual motherhood.
• Associated with empire building and emperial practice
• Anne of GG also supports the empire - motherhood - empire
• The way a mother builds an empire is buy having good british children
• Why? continued dominance of what was called the anglo saxan race
• British empire was growing with holding in different places - india ,
africa etc, need people to do this , in this expansion , the population
began to decline in brith rate
• Diseases TB,Casualties, racialized diseases - affecting the empire ,
alcohol abuse, physica and emotional deterioration
• Pressure put on women to become good mothers
• Mothers of nation and of the british race. Bearing the children of the
nation , motherhood promoted for populated empire - women seen as
empires last hope.
• To be the best bristish citizen you had to be a perfect mother.
• English Canada was configured in british empire
• Most of the pop. Still saw itself as british and aligned itself with
• Shared commitment to motherhood as a means of bolsetering empire
as the common goal of british and canadian
• Anne epidemizes he empirial hope - becoming a fantastic mothers.
• Ends with he previliging the domestic more than the academic
• Supports convential gender roles , novel suggest that canadas national
identity is aligned with england • Novel also suggests canadian independence - tension of gender ,
sexuality , nation
• Alignment of empire , but also with independence
• Relying on setting - candian work identify themselves as canadian
• Use of PEI - suggests an autonomous Canada, Avolea might be small ,
but its nationally implicated .
• PEI - the cradle of confederation - charlottetown 1864
• Where Canada as an independent nation was born
• John A Macdonald and peers
• Places Avonlea near the station - trains and tracks - united Canada
( CPR) in Canadian literature it is an allusion to a kind of unified Canada.
• Anne also suggest independent Canada - Anne becomes a national
allegory , a marker of Canada.
• Association occurs by aligning her with Macdonald "all things great are
wound up with all things little - chapter 18"
• Link is made the Canadian PM and Anne are linked
• Banned from seeing diana and needs fortune changed, redemption
comes indirection when minny May gets sick -winning back good favour ,
only allowed as a last resort , since all the adults are in charlottetown
where John A macdonald is doing an election speech.
• Canada was initially built on the priniciple of exclusion.
• From empire to nation was seeing the anglo Canadian as Canadian - no
space for french Canadian. French Canadian girl can't do anything (Ch 18).
"utterly incapable of thinking what to do , or doing it if she thought of it" -
french Candian girl is useless.
• German Jew sells Anne the dye
• "no london street arab to me… born Canadian" , use of the term Arab
says no one of foreign culture, also rejects the English born poor class.