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ENG458H1 Lecture Notes - Servant Songs, Isaiah 53, Virgin Birth Of Jesus

Course Code
Mark Knight

of 2
As narrative
Birth, baptism, spreading word, temptation, betrayal, crucifixion, resurrection
o Radical teachings (challenging Pharisees, taxes…)
o Doubt (Joseph doubt virginal conception, opposition, disciples…)
o Humanity of Jesus (birth story, persecution…)
Healing and ministry not just about credentials of Jesus, but about genuine desire to
help people (i.e. feeding 5000 -> 4000, not just about the miracle but that proving
himself wasn’t important), compassion, access
Circulating stories, certain ones chosen and gathered
Not interested in historical progression, move things around not because forgotten but
telling certain stories with certain impression
Miracles aren’t there to just show off or reinforce faith
Temple is where access to God is offered but healings are offered to people who are
denied temple
16:13-28 Messiah
Central plan for world not just Israel but saving world through Israel
Jews taken out of Israel, exile key -> not where God told them they would be -> difficult
to see God’s plans as working
Prophecies of Hebrew bible not primarily predictions of what will happen chosen one
of God -> 100s of years later, different expectations
Expectation at time of Jesus -> expecting messiah to sort their exile in Jerusalem (Rome)
Mixed feelings of messiah; desperation and anxiety -> everything depends on who Jesus
Not are you God, but are you Messiah
New time, new world, new hope
Jesus directly asks what Peter thinks he is… (others think prophets come back to life as
messiah, Elijah..)
Jesus doesn’t talk about being God’s son, but declares to be messiah to free/save
But tells disciples to keep it secret -> if go public, will be killed by Romans -> needs to
get word out there before he’s killed
Peter expressing that Jesus can’t die -> right after the Messiah scene -> Jesus calls him
Jesus still needs to teach what it means to be messiah (expectation at time that coming
of messiah will be glorious, army of freedom…)
Messiah -> dying brutally -> Peter’s comment entirely understandable because
expectation is at stake
Jesus harsh because what is at stake is the idea of messiah that will follow -> suffering
messiah who will die for people, not just doing miracles and healings
Isaiah 53 -> soul of God’s suffering servant [at time, hardly anyone thought this would
be a description of messiah]
Peter radically misunderstanding what Jesus is about
Intentional choice for suffering
Matt 21 -> Jesus smashing at temple
Draws everyone’s attention -> not just rabbis, but Romans
Enters with donkey, messiah’s entrance -> temple
Radical change from “secret,” claiming to be messiah
Jesus’s claims at first aren’t understandable to people around him
So unlikely for Jewish roots (one God, messiah but shouldn’t be God)
16:28 "Truly I tell you, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see
the Son of Man coming in his kingdom."
Common reading as referring to end of world
But “not taste death” problematic
Apocalyptic writing, dramatic for sense of urgency
Wright understanding of Jesus as talking about end of world doesn’t make sense in
time context… no anticipation for second coming when first not here yet
Using apocalyptic speech to talk about present
Son of Man coming in glory -> talking about death and resurrection, world will be
transformed… about to happen
Kingdom of God meant to be brought on earth (Lord’s Prayer)
Earthly suffering coming