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Lecture

Lecture

4 Pages
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Department
School of Environment
Course Code
ENV200H1
Professor
Jack Parkinson

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ENV200 April 5th, 2011
The Arctic Ocean and the Northwest Passage:
As the ice in the Arctic Archipelago shrinks, sovereignty over the
Northwest Passage is questioned.
This is due to new oil access, and a new passage.
Five littoral states Canada, US, Russia, Denmark, and Norway.
oOverlapping claims of ownership!
Jurisdiction of a State over waters off its coast.
o12 nautical miles off the shore.
oStates must give permission to use the waterway.
oNot the same as EEZ 200 nautical miles.
2005: The Nuclear Submarine USS Charlotte
oAlleged to have traversed Canadian Arctic waters, although US
stated the passage was international.
oPM Harper announces measures to preserve arctic sovereignty.
2007: Russian expedition placed national flag on ocean floor near the
North Pole.
Does it matter?
oIf the passage is Canadian:
We have right to environmental, immigration, customs
and criminal laws.
Charge fees.
Specify the vessels that can enter.
Regulate the activities of those ships
Access to resources.
Resolving Ownership
oPost David Wilkins and the Bush administrations.
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Description
ENV200 April 5 , 2011 The Arctic Ocean and the Northwest Passage: As the ice in the Arctic Archipelago shrinks, sovereignty over the Northwest Passage is questioned. This is due to new oil access, and a new passage. Five littoral states Canada, US, Russia, Denmark, and Norway. o Overlapping claims of ownership! Jurisdiction of a State over waters off its coast. o 12 nautical miles off the shore. o States must give permission to use the waterway. o Not the same as EEZ 200 nautical miles. 2005: The Nuclear Submarine USS Charlotte o Alleged to have traversed Canadian Arctic waters, although US stated the passage was international. o PM Harper announces measures to preserve arctic sovereignty. 2007: Russian expedition placed national flag on ocean floor near the North Pole. Does it matter? o If the passage is Canadian: We have right to environmental, immigration, customs and criminal laws. Charge fees. Specify the vessels that can enter. Regulate the activities of those ships Access to resources. Resolving Ownership o Post David Wilkins and the Bush administrations. www.notesolution.com
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