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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

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Department
Ethnomusicology
Course Code
HMU111H1
Professor
Mary Ann Parker

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Lecture 5: Intro to Romanticism Listening: Schubert, “Der Lindenbaum” Weber, Der Freischütz, Wolf’s Glen scene Reading from textbook: Chapter 18, with special focus on pp. 411-416 Chapter 19, pp. 460-461 Romantic Themes and Images  Romanticism first appeared in painting as a way of opposing academic and classical tendencies o NEOCLASSICAL. Also a romantic movement  Tragic and isolated young man (often a creeper XD) o Troubled by suicide, depression, etc.  Nature, especially trees, streams, the colour green, etc.  Hunting and horns! (upper class stuff)  Supernatural forces  Romanticized view of the medieval period  what does romanticism do to music? o Advent of programmatic music: instrumental music w/ ideas/stories! (literary nature) o cyclic structure (recurring theme) o complex harmony → unrelated keys. Tonal relationships and harmonic movement not always based on tonic and dominant o is not autonomous: free from notion that it must serve the words of a madrigal/opera  ideal mode of instrumental as premier mode of expression resulted in PROGRAM MUSIC Franz Schubert (1797-1828)  composed in almost every genre of his time  many characteristics of the Romantic Lied depicted in Schubert’s 600+ songs, many performed in his home: Schubertians  strong sense of harmonic colour: complex modulations, sometimes in long passages  set poetry often to the works of Goethe, and Muller  Der Lindenbaum  5 in a song cycle Die Winterreise (The Winter Journey) 1827 o Poems by Wilhelm Muller  About nostalgia of a lover revisiting in winter the haunts of a failed summer romance o Recalls lying under a linden tree dreaming of his love. A chilly wind rustles the branches, which seems to call him back to find rest, or death.  Modified strophic form marks progress of the story o First remembers summer love, major key o Second: changes to minor to suggest the chill of the winter o Third: heralds the cold wind with a new, declamatory melody o Fourth: returns to the major mode and original melody – more threatening than comforting.  Piano accompaniment = rustling leaves of the tree, later repeated, altered with chromatic harmonies  cold wind!  Horn call = romantic image! Evokes associations with nature and outdoors as well as distance – separation from beloved  Modified strophic form reflects the story  have to consider multiple things in lieder:  1) text setting: o how has composer chosen to organize the poetic verses into music  strophic: repeat same melody throughout different verses/stanzas  straight composed: music changes, nothing repeated  often has something in the middle: “modified strophic form” → perceived music is repeated, but with modifications  first 2 poetic stanzas = one musical verse  same music returns, but modified for the next 2 verses  second last poetic verse = different music  goes back to original theme, repeating the last verse (last 4 lines) → needs 8 lines to fit!  How does composer lay music over poetic text  form of: A A' B A''  2) second level of text setting: what does the composer do musically to intensify what is going on? o Structu
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