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Lecture 7

Summary of Lecture 7 readings

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Jennifer Liu! Readings Summaries HMU111 2010 Exam Lecture 7: Indonesia: the Shadow-Play Wayang Kulit -wayang kulit: shadow-puppet theatre in Java, extraordinary power -stories of Indian epics (Mahabharata , Ramayana) have more popularity and prestige -depict a battle of disturbance of nature, restored to order -Java: introd comic characters: servants to protagonists, serve as translators -Javanese have many styles of speech based upon social class -Semar: chief of clowns, lazy, all-knowing, more important than Hindu god Siva -entertains audience with wit, wisdom -all familiar characters in wayang communicate various modes of human existence and manners of behaviour through actions -wayang has long been a medium for moral and ethical instruction, discussion of contemporary events -dhalang: male puppeteer: thorough knowledge of karawitan (musical rep and practice) -now dhalangs can learn puppeteering in schools, standardizes wayang stories and skills A Ramayana Performance Kecak -Walter Spies: developed kecak into tourist draw -experience of something exotic, concise, professional, efficient use of time and money -kecak takes its name from the brusque, staccato monosyllables Monkey chant -shouted by a large chorus of men in rapid and intricately interlocking rhythmic patterns, a few other men imitate with their voices the sound of a small gamelan -actor-dancers portray shortened Ramayana -Sita is abducted by demon Ravana, Hanuman rescues her -shouting is traditionally associated with rituals of divination: young girls are entranced in order for questions to be put to the spirits that take possession of them -Spies suggested using it as the foundation for a concise presentation of the Ramayaa
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