EUR200 Lecture 14
Austria-Hungarian Empire, not Austro-Hungarian
German Unification is considered to be the most important diplomatic act of the 19th
Denmark is an issue for German unification as well as Austria and France. These
conflicts have massive ramifications for German unification and for Bismarck’s plans for
Bismarck is a hypochondriac and is a spiteful person. He is plagued by stomach
problems as well. He dislikes parliament and liberal ideals, believing both are
unnecessary for German unification.
The creation of Italy is largely a result of intervention on the part of the Great Powers.
Bismarck unifies Germany through a series of smaller steps. The German Federation
and the Zolverhine are used by Bismarck to undermine Austrian influence in the
Prussia is in a much better position to integrate Germany than Austria. Prussia’s
economy is much stronger, and as such is much more developed than Austria. Austria
appears as anachronistic, and its ruling family is seen as being run by fools. Militarily as
well Austria is far behind, having only a small army. Prussia on the other hand is an
army with a state.
Bismarck fights only defensive wars, slowly baiting his opponents into declaring war. He
never starts a war.
There is a dispute between Denmark and the soon to be unified German states. They
disagree over the control of two provinces called Schleswig and Holstein, that are
located between Denmark and Germany. There are two German solutions, little G