Sept 16-20.docx

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European Studies
Robert Austin

11/14/2012 2:40:00 PM - French Revolution created the seed of modern nationalism 1788-Europe sea of empires-The Great Powers-many states that are already formed, many unformed nations French society was a pyramid prior to the revolution Pyramidical society’s essence-all relationships are vertical-top down Modern example-North Korea Estates 1) Clergy-one of largest land owners-influential-0.5% of France (130K population) monolithic group 2) Nobility-400K pop with some crossover with clergy-1.5% of France- monolithic group 3) Third Estate-everyone else-98%-peasants-80%-no serfdom in France at this time (serfdom form of slavery-can’t move-landlord controls your life)- 40% are landless-pay honourous dues to Church; bourgeoisie-largely urban- artisans, shop owners, other 18% workers-Marxist interpretation-revolution was bourgeoisie inspired Pyramid-top-King-Versailles-no concept in power in the nation-oppressive Relationship highly exploitative Problems pre-1789 Discontent with the king-some nobility and bourgeoisie Crop drought and famine France’s negative role in the US Revolution Tax system-nobility paid no tax Enightenment-role-French salon culture sponsored by nobility-group of philosophes turning pyramid upside down Pillars of the Enlightenment-primacy of reason; individual freedom for men; civic and legal equality (broad notion); Rule of law-pivotal to make a state-your vo
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