Museums

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Published on 22 Jun 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
FAH102H1
Week 3, Day 1
3/31/11 MUSEUMS
-relationship btwn museum + personal experience
-museum + art history
-museum + art production
-museum as mausoleum
-aesthetic experience
-next assignment
-collect + evaluate pieces of art
-special ways of presenting pieces + travelling exhibitions
-compare narratives, chronological sequences, to recreate the forward motion of art
history
-often place artwork intopure art spaces unlike cluttered homes / religious buildings
-often arranges art intochapters like art history books: creates a narrative with
beginning + conclusion (significance)
-meaning in museum is created through JUXTAPOSITION of objects
-try to fill gaps in their exhibitions to present major works from all periods
Transformation of Art Museums
-the first museums were organized on historical lines, and appeared after the Old Regime
-eg. The Louvre = deluded art
-what came first: idea historical narratives or art museums?
-they seemed to appear simultaneously
-Hegel: Historical Development of Painting -> museums only make sense if art is
arranged into historical order
-however, the transformation of the art museums from historical to “museum-specific
institutions suggest that museums are open to interpretation + revision
-Manet’s Olympia
-Foucault suggests that Manet’s paintings are the firstmuseum paintings
-thus, Manet’s painting operates in specific relationship to previous paintings (Sleeping
Venus, Venus of Urbino) – with the awareness of “archival art forms
-> pop culture: awareness of art as a multitude of images/icons/etc. that act in dialogue
with one another
Museums/Colonialism/Nationalism:
-older museums in France + British tend to exhibit objects that have been “raided” from
colonial places
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-new world museums – eg. Washington, Australia -> seek toeliminate” this colonialist
tendency by emulating Classical forms (Greek temples, etc.)
-art and working class: Finley and Mellon in National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
-sell reproductions, serve food, etc. to create a quality art experience for military
men + women
-National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa:
-public broadcasts of cultural productions, field trips for children
-1940s: there were several region art circuits around Canada that hosted travelling
exhibitions to satisfy art decentralization
Do Women have to be Naked to Get into the Met. Museum?
-“less than 5% of artists in Modern Art sections are women, but 85% of the nudes are
female
-Guerrilla Girls are artists who don gorilla masks to intervene in usual art world practices
-argue that the ideas presented in art world are not universal and natural, but come from
ppl with educational + money capital
Museums + Capital
-many museums come from monarchs
-some museums portray local archeological finds, or identification of artist as a place
(place where artist grew up or produced work)
-eg. Van Gogh Museum
-some museums areaccidental -> just reflect the wealth + passionate collection of
certain individuals
-eg, J. Paul Getty Villa Museum in Malibu
-corporate sponsorship
-if a cooperation is funding an exhibition, museum curators may feel restricted as to the
kind of art they can represent
-“hidden censorship”
-foreign places also sponsor art museums to promote their own image + trade relations
Visitors
-art museums are usually seen aselitist institutions
-attendance is about 22% of pop – usually higher income + age brackets
-Siegal: audience for art has recently expanded as museum + gallery-going is semi-
obligatory for tourists
-idea that people need critics to guide them into art world is replaced by “army” of eager
consumers who find their away around art
-post-structuralist theoretical writings of 70s + 80s (death of the author + the work of the
reader) => overtaken by MASS CULTURE (=museum)
-increased production of art + Americanego” has blurred bondaries btwn visitors +
artists
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Document Summary

Special ways of presenting pieces + travelling exhibitions. Compare narratives, chronological sequences, to recreate the forward motion of art history. Often place artwork into pure art spaces unlike cluttered homes / religious buildings. Often arranges art into chapters like art history books: creates a narrative with beginning + conclusion (significance) Meaning in museum is created through juxtaposition of objects. Try to fill gaps in their exhibitions to present major works from all periods. The first museums were organized on historical lines, and appeared after the old regime. Hegel: historical development of painting -> museums only make sense if art is arranged into historical order. However, the transformation of the art museums from historical to museum -specific institutions suggest that museums are open to interpretation + revision. Foucault suggests that manet"s paintings are the first museum paintings . Thus, manet"s painting operates in specific relationship to previous paintings (sleeping. Venus, venus of urbino) with the awareness of archival art forms.

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