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Lecture

Jan 27 lecture

2 Pages
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Department
Art
Course Code
FAH207H1
Professor
B Ewald

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Lecture 3 1/27/11 Greek Architectural Sculpture
Includes sculptures in the pediment; friezes; cult statue/image; acroteria
The selection of the themes for mythological sculptures was determined by the
patron deity of the temple, local history and myth, as well as interests of the city
who commissioned the temple. Sculpture was understood as a precious ornament
that was meant to delight the deity as whose house the temple functioned
Architectural sculpture was found in other types of architecture, and was painted.
Heroon at Lefkandi, 10th century BC shrine for heroized individual who is honored
with a cult after death
2 most prominent burials were located under the floor
Horse burial shows the elevated status of the dead
Burial place of elevated member of society
Permanent temples, i.e. houses for the gods, were only built in the geometric period.
Before that, worship of the gods took place in the open air, in sanctuaries with altars
These terracotta models probably reproduce early temples because they served as
votive gifts in Greek sanctuaries
Drawing of a clay model of a house or shrine, Perachora, 8th c. BC
Geometric décor does not reproduce the actual appearance of the building, but
follows the
Dreros, Cree: Reconstruction of shrine and Apollo cult figure, late 8th c. BC
Sanctuary had a bench to hold cult figures
Dreros, Cult statuettes, 700 BC, probably stood on bench of the shrine bronze
plates over wooden core
Samos, reconstruction of the first temple of Hera, 8th c. BC.
Oikos elongated plan of a single room
Central row of columns to obscure the view of the cult statue
Wooden architecture was eventually turned into stone
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Description
Lecture 3 12711 Greek Architectural Sculpture Includes sculptures in the pediment; friezes; cult statueimage; acroteria The selection of the themes for mythological sculptures was determined by the patron deity of the temple, local history and myth, as well as interests of the city who commissioned the temple. Sculpture was understood as a precious ornament that was meant to delight the deity as whose house the temple functioned Architectural sculpture was found in other types of architecture, and was painted. Heroon at Lefkandi, 10 century BC shrine for heroized individual who is honored with a cult after death 2 most prominent burials were located under the floor Horse burial shows the elevated status of the dead Burial place of elevated member of society Permanent temples, i.e. houses for the gods, were only built in the geometric period.
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