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Lecture

FAH230H1 Lecture Notes - Marcantonio Raimondi, Petrus Christus, Nuremberg Chronicle


Department
Art
Course Code
FAH230H1
Professor
Giancarla Periti

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Week 6 Printmaking in Renaissance Europe: making Multiple Copies; Print Technology
Art Medium we have not examine
Developed in the Renaissance, major influence
Mechanical reproduction of work of art
o Unique of art became multiple
Second Part: printed work by albrecht
The Martyrdom of ST. Sebastian, South Germany, 1470 75, London, British Museum
(woodblock)
The Martyrdom of ST. Sebastian, 1450 75, Coloured woodcut, Guidhall Library, Corporation of
London
Once design Is created, ink are putted
Paper are put on the block
After the production of the woodcut, the woodcut is coloured
Woodcut lies the origin of book production, as it includes images and text
Manuscript with St. Christopher, colored woodcut, ca. 1450, University Libarary, Manchester
Inscription: “whenever you look at the face of St. Christopher, you will not die a terrible
death that day.”
Create the sense of movement
Inscription: Enhance meditation and prayers for private believers
Petrus Christus, Portrait of a Female Donor and Portrait of a Male Donor, ca. 1455, Washington,
DV. National gallery
Origins of printmaking
Importance of this works, 2 donors pray in their private domestic setting
Female: a coloured woodcut, subject is recognized as St. Elizabeth
o A substitution for painting cheaper, and works in other media (paper vs
marble); the pray serve the privatization of piety
o In their own space rather than in church
o Print connected with poor people: happy with what they get, the couple are
wealthy couple, print circulated in the renaissance not only among poor but also
wealthy citizens
Sister Regula’s Life of Christ, 1449, manuscript on paper, 125 folios, eighteen woodcuts and
thirteen miniatures
Coloured woodcut, Annunciate
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Most relevant passage of the life of Christ
Images and words are combined together
Prints could be produced in different size: flexibility in the medium (New to the field)
Circulation and Portable: all paintings and arts are not movable, painting are not really
travelled, paintings are produced under a commission (being paid) and tend to stay;
print are portable and mobile (print are produced for the art market without payment)
Iconography: stabilize the iconography itself
Multiples maker all gain revenue selling the print
Nuremberg Chronicle, Ptolemaic plan of the world
Michael Wolgemut, Wilheim Pleydenwurff and workshop, The city of Nuremberg
Chronicle…..
Books are different subjects , books are usually like saint’s book or life of saint new
genre of book like Chronicle
Narrate the story of city with map
Open up new directions of knowledge in Renaissance Europe
Martin Schongauer, Demons tormenting St. Anthony, ca. 1480-90, engraving, New York,
Metropolitan Museum
Engraving technique
Woodcut paint obtained out of a block of wood
Usually copper plate, ink goes into the lines, surface are cleaned, paper are pressed and
paint are obtained
Engraving more Victorial, more detailed and refined; woodcuts - lines are more hard
and stronger, more defined
Animated movement and gesture
Copied from:
o Michelangelo Buonarroti, Demons Tormenting St. Anthony, ca. 1487-88, Kimbell
Museum of Art, Forth Worth
Roles of prints:
o Circulation: serves artist for models and learning purposes
o Tools for (piety?)
Albrecht Duerer, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Woodcut, 1497-98
Artists who travel to be educated to be Schongauer, Schongauer was dead when he
arrived
Large size, woodcut,
Published series of Woodcut from Apocalpse
Both in Latin and in German
Animated subject, the four horseman alignment with the four figures
More unity and circulation of the subject
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