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Lecture 3

FAH246H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Max Ernst, Materialism, Caning

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Mark Cheetham

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FAH246 Sept 26 Lecture 12/6/2012 10:45:00 AM
Sept 26 2012 LECTURE
Cubism was experimental style for Picasso and Braque. 60’s late 70’s rumors
of paintings death
Right of passage for avant-garde artists to experiment with cubism?
Mondrian wasn’t interested in 3d cubism he preferred 2d
artists fascinated by 4th dimension. Experimenting with it very interested in
non Euclidian geometry? Radical senses of spirituality and space
did not just come from manipulation of interior elements but were very
Pablo Picasso, Still-Life with Chair Caning 1911 p.111 (p.106-111)
inventing whole new form “collage” putting together different elements.
***Compare with the human condition Renee
real faux chair canning (oil cloth) and rope so it seems like the seat of a
chair. In person obviously stuck on but looking at the image its not obvious
Half of the word journal, jouer (newspaper or to play)
dragged pigment over top of oil cloth aka chair canning. Gives you
distinctions in levels of surface and reality cuz u can actually see that the
paint has been put on top
letters are stenciled on “jou”
*possibilities of illusion on very obviously 2D surface so that it falls in the
confines of painting
Picasso, Guitar 1912 p.38 (p.32-39)
Bar table with Guitar 1913
Sculpture at the time was carved and casted bronze or steel.
Guitar assembled out of different parts. Artistic tradition.
Analytic cubism
-distinction of different parts and reassembling them
Synthetic cubism
Resynthesizing parts

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Pablo Picasso, Violin, 1912, p.113 (p.112-117)
“Photographic composition with construction with
guitar player”, 1913
posed photograph.
Was working in 2D and 3D
1911-13 different layers of meaning in synthetic cubism
A lot of newspaper prints have to do with WW1.
Is it an accident that he chose these one if not how topical
were artists works at this time?
Picasso, Olga Picasso in an Armchair (detail), 1917
p. 167 (p.166-171)
Olga was a Russian ballerina got married to him shortly after
this painting was done
sense that because of the chaos of ww1 return to order
stillness carefulness.
Definitely stop avant-garde during ww1 Picasso fled
**What we can and should do about the war?
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, summer, 1873
rococo ere to them nude, poise etc..
by 1915/16 a few artists seemed to be backing away from the radicallity of
some of the works synthetic cubism..
-different versions of how it got its name. somebody blinded folded Stabbed
a knife in the middle of a dictionary. Etc.. wide spread European movement.
Zurich, Berlin, Peg over, Germany and ..
Berlin dada exhibition
-movement against movements art against art against academies, beauty,
fame etc..
Anti-war 1920 German side. Showing what the war was and did how useless
and senseless it was

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Dada didn’t have a strong manifesto it just came out over and over again
Futurists glorify war especially Marinetti
Photomontage photos cut pasted and re deployed. Hannah Hoch best artist
of this style allows you to see very clearly what photomontage was/is?
from contemporary sources magazines, photos etc aren’t signature
individual works worked with Raul Housman
Dada collaborative movement
Hoch, Cut with kitchen knife 1919/wedding couple p.175 (p.15-21,
174-179, 214-219)
biting commentary shown in odd situations bizarre way, surreal,
cubist elements letters, pieces of text, dada words to identify movement.
Materialism felt to be rampant at the time. Titles are biting?
Pictures cut from five decades of Life magazine.. Geoffrey Farmer,
leaves of grass at Documenta 13. Orlowski/Reuters
Canadian artist
60-70 feet long
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