FAH246H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Henri Matisse

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24 Jan 2015
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Primitivism:Artistsaretryingtoescapethetechnologicalreformsandnegativelyreactingtoit.
Schiele
ApartofViennaSecession‐>aradicalreformbyagroupofartists
KlimtwastheleaderofViennaSecessionbutKlimttriedtodistancehimselffromtheotherartistsofthelooselyformedgroup
JosephMariaOlbrich,ViennaSecession,Building1898
"Asheworkedandrelaxedinhishome,Klimtnormallyworesandalsandalongrobewithnoundergarments"‐>irrelevantdetailsthatdo
notcontributetoourunderstandingoftheartist
GeneralIdea‐>anxiety,diseasedepicted
Klimt,Jurisprudence
HedidthreeceilingmuralsfortheUniversityofViennaforthreedifferentbigfaculties
ThismuralwasdestroyedduringWWIIbyNazisbecauseofnudity,lackofclarity‐>NaziscalleditdegenerateartwhichNazisputonfor
ridiculeatexhibition‐>largestattendanceatartexhibitionever
Matisse‐>Matissesaidthatartshouldbelikeacomfortablearmchair
DifferentapproachthanSchielewhowasaboutuncomfortableandedgyart
Matissewasn'talightartistthough
Rightfromtheverybeginning,hispaintingwereverysculpture‐like,tactile,threedimensional
Self‐Portraitof1900‐>Hepaintshimselfpaintingsomething
Modelof1900‐>highlysimplified‐>justamodelstanding
TheSerf1900‐03‐>InfluencedbyBALZAC1898‐>reallysimplifiedandimmenselypowerful
HisworkwashighlyinfluencedbyRodin'ssculptures
TheBack‐>Hestartswithafemalefigurecontourandsimplifiesitprogressivelyinordertomakeastrongvisualimpact‐>almost
abstract
Heiscapableofsimplifyingworksandalsoatthesametimemakingthemsocomplexthattheyarehardtounderstand
TheDinnerTable‐>Classicstilllifescene‐>Figuredecoratingthetablesetting‐>visualcomplexitiesbeyondbelief
Luxe1994‐05‐>hewastryingatechniquecalledDivisionismwhichisseparatingoutcolours‐>don'tmixcoloursonthepalettebutapply
themdirectlytothepaintinginamannerthatcreatesvisualillusion‐>Matisseusesitveryboldlyandcreatesopticalcomplication
MatissewascalledFauve"wildbeast"
PortraitdeDerain1905‐>sovibrantlycolouredanddifferent‐>nolongerdivisionism‐>colourisbrokenapart‐>facelooksmask‐likeand
thepaintingisincrediblyexpressive‐>notunderstoodatthetimeandcametobebeappreciatedwithintheavant‐gardecircles
TheGreenStripe‐>portraitofhiswife‐>greenstriperunningdownhernose‐>canshockyou‐>vibrantcoloursandunorthodox‐>
peoplesawthisasanassaultonthefaceandnotasacompliment‐>likevanGoghdividedpartsofthe"background"indifferentcolours‐
>butthereisnobackground,justaback‐>givestheimageanassaultivepower
Gauguin
Symbolism,Expressionism&Primitivism:categories,tendenciesandmodes
Thoughtofhimselfasanimpressionist
Butwasasymbolist‐>mysteryandsomethingelsehappeninginthepainting‐>post‐impressionismincludessymbolism
Hewasnothumbleandthoughthighlyofhimself
HisworkscouldbecalledExpressionistic
Self‐Portrait‐>dividingofbackgroundcolours‐>haloonhishead
VisionaftertheSermon‐>Gauguinwenttheretolookattheorthodoxchristians‐>womenlookingatangel‐>onewomanislookingatit
likeamatchandgivesaliteralsense‐>anotherwomanisprayingandseemstobeenvisioningit‐>Gauguinisdepicitingtherangeof
religiousbeliefs‐>Gauguinwastheonewhothoughtthattheinner,psychic,spiritualexperiencewasthemostimportant‐>hewasabout
theinsideofthis‐>GauguinisgoingtothispartoftownbecauseitisPRIMITIVEandjustgenuinebelief
Primitivismdoesn'talwaysmeangoingtoadifferentcountryanddepictingtheirprimitiveconditioninaracistandpatronizingway‐>flip
sideoftechnologyandseemedtobemoreauthentic‐>butwasauthenticandagoodthingonlyunderthecolonialcultureofthetime
VanGoghcuthisearoffbecauseofbullyingbyGauguin‐>theywerebothroommates‐>vanGoghadoredhim
SpiritoftheDeadWatching‐>GauguinspentalotoftimeinFrenchTahitiandlivedwithgirlswhowere13yearsold‐>Heportraitthem
sometimesverytenderlyandsomethinginpanic‐>thegirlwasterrifiedbecauseshethoughtheroomwashauntedbyspirits‐>Manet
depictedawomanwhoislookingdirectlyattheviewerconfidentlyandisnotcontrolledbythepatriarch‐>responsetoGauguin
Modernity:thenatureofthemodernworld:industrialized,fastpaced,technological,urban,mediadriven;Modernism(s)inartis/areresponses
totheseconditions.
PrimitivismisModernism'stroubledrejectionofModernity.
Orperhapsmuchofmodernitywasonlypossiblebecauseofthedeeplyracistandhegemonicpracticesofcolonialism,whosetracesweseein
Lecture2
January13,2015 10:11PM
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