FAH262H1 Lecture 10: FAH265H1 Lecture 10

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28 Nov 2017
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FAH265H1: Monuments of The Islamic World
Tuesday, November 28th , Lecture 10
Final Lecture: Tying up loose ends, bringing it back to the first lecture
Art Historians always playing 6 degrees of separation, with powers of deduction
Closing discussion of Spain with:
Madinat al-Zahra, Cordoba, 10th c.
Following on from the pattern of Mosque and Palace. The Mosque of Cordoba did have a palace
however the difference was that the palace was next to the Mosque as oppose to behind it what
was regularly done.
The city is located on the foothills overlooking the city terracing
We see the construction of these estates on the foothills still connected to the city but outside the
city proper and taking advantage of the view
Retaining walls around the entire enclosure of the palace, intended to control access but not act
defensively similar to Samara
The 11century is a hue turning point in the Islamic Period because of the Crusades, we will never
see Islamic Palaces like this again and so well preserved, Palace are then built fortified and in
different designs
In the Quran paradise is described with lush over flowing gardens, the garden in Islam will
become one of the most important aspect of building plans
The garden is an interesting concept in Islam, how layers of garden work.
The 1st layer is the relationship between garden and paradise taken directly through references of
the Quran
Why would dessert dwellers find the idea of garden/ paradise compelling. Garden settings are
considered the ultimate way of dwelling
Garden as the paradise needs to be understand in the pre-Islamic period
Qradrapartriat division (4 part garden) with moving water channels constructed out of brick or
stone used as barriers divided the gardens
Something structural is used aesthetically
Palace was sacked by competing political Muslim forces
Columns and decoration were all mostly carved for this site made to mimic spoila
This is the audience hall of the same Caliph who built the Mosque in Cordoba, showing that the
palace was not the rich and lavish building focused structure the mosque was.
The palace uses paint to mimic different color alternating stones that were used on the Mosque
Who were the Fatimids?
The Fatimids are the other group named after the daughter of the Prophet, the prophet had no sons
so his daughter married her cousin Ali one of the rightly guided Prophets. They are a Shiani
Dynasty. They claimed like the Umayyads to be the rightful Caliphs and began in North Africa to
build their dynasty, they began to incubate their movement and build a base in Tunisia, they then
headed to the Arabian Peninsula to the center of the empire.
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