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Fin240 - January 14 2013.pdf

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FIN240 - January 14 2013 Fredrika Bremer Early Life - 1801: born in Turku (Abo) Finland - 1804: family moved to Stockholm - 1805: family purchased a summer residence (Arsta) - 1821-1822: The European tour with family - 1828-1829: Fredrika stayed at Arsta with Hedda and Agathe also during the winter seasons (Sketches from Everyday Life 1 is published) ▯ - scared of reaction of parents and so sent it anonymously ▯ - published the second part under her own name, after father died - 1830: death of father 1830-1831 - Sketches of Everyday Life 2-3 that included the novel Familllen H*** Early 19th Century Upbringing for Women of the "Better Classes" - wrote letters, anniversary verses, some poetry - conversed in several langauges - learned to draw and to paint, to sew and embroider - to play the piano and to dance, to play chess - to read realms of English, German, and French novels - all of this was in preparation for a marriage someday Did Fredrika Ever Marry? - NO. "The behaviour of women was strictly defined, and Fredrika would not accept the definition - she claimed to be engaged to writing Sweden in the Early 19th Century - 90% agrarian - women had NO legal rights, not to mention equal rights - a women could not manage her own affairs - she could not inherit property - she could not vote - she could not receive any formal training to enter trades - all guilds were closed to women - when a woman married, the responsibility for her transferred from her father to her husband - all women by law had to have a male guardian - if a woman wanted to marry she had to have a guardian's consent - if she wanted to work, she needed his consent - he decided how her income or inheritance would be spent Marriage as a Career - still no legal rights, but maybe power at home - chances to take charge of a household ▯ - servants ▯ - food and kitchen ▯ - children, upbringing and education, supervision and entertainment Unmarried Women - inferior to their married sisters - became domestic servants (maids or cooks), fortunate if taken by better situated relatives - agrarian Sweden was poor --> many were driven to prostitution - in 19th century Stockholm 40% of children were born out of wedlock --> infanticide and abortion - a single parent was considered a "fallen woman" AWay Out.... - possible to receive royal dispensation from the guardianship by paying large sum of money - Fredrika did that in 1840 as her brother Claes had gambled and misma
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