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Fin240 Notes - March 4.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George

Fin240 Notes - March 4 2013 Victoria - Knut Hamsun (1859-1952) - he was a pioneer of his time ▯ - stream of consciousness and interior monologue - Nobel Prize in Literature 1920 (Growth of the Soil 1917) - strong supporter of the Third Reich and Nazi ideology in its fullness, and thus Nazi Germany's occupation in Norway - gave his Nobel medal as a personal gift to Joseph Goebbels, the man serving as Hitler's Propaganda and Enlightenment Minister Norway, End of 19th Century - Idea of independence - Norwegian intellectuals and politicians set about defining and promoting the concept of Norwegian identity, "Norwegianness" - Independence achieved 1905 - Uneven economic growth, cultural change - Contact with other people and cultures, explain and classify these events, debates over race and racial degradation, "proper place" - renewed interest in indigenous peoples - railroads and steamboat routes increased the pace of change - economic growth low --> emigration 1/4 of population - Christiania (Oslo)'s population more than doubled between 1865 and 1885 (57000-130000) Women in the End of the 19th Century Norway - may own their own business - work outside of home - inherit on terms equal to those of their brothers - attend university - get a divorce easier - after 1913 they had a right to vote - cultural climate acknowledged women as fully-realized human beings - the evolution of women's rights was a crucial part of the political and social background against which Hamsun created his female protagonists - "Viking Woman" - brave and independent - second half of the 19th century: "Great Morality Debate" in Scandinavia over chastity, sexuality, prostitution, sexual diseases, and marital responsibility - George Brandes's 1869 translation of J.S. Mill's "On the Subjection of Women" Fear of Degeneracy - Carl Larsson's idyllic domesticity Hamsun's View of Modernity - conservative, supporter of primitivism - against radical change in society ▯ - the heart of evil lies in the urban life, in cities ▯ - technology, industry - misogynist and against women's movement ▯ - women should be mothers ▯ - should not pursue art
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