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Fin240 Notes - March 18.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George

Fin240 - March 18, 2013 TEST next week - 4/5 will be easy, 1/5 will be hard - excerpts - question from the movie - look over things we discussed in class - text and author for each excerpt - for some excerpts, also ask "why is this important?" - no long answers - just something short that demonstrates knowledge - the test will not take two hours hopefully - may leave half an hour after the test has started - biographical information may be important, only with reference to the text - information about society may also be important (with reference to text) - know the dots over the names.... Scandinavian Children's Literature - H.C. Andersen - 1805-1875 Copenhagen - First internationally acclaimed Danish writer - working class background - translated into virtually all languages The Little Match Girl (1848) - his grandmother's experience as a child - description between realistic world and fantasy/dreams - inspiration for the story comes from a picture by Johan Thomas Lundbye, 1843 - Denmark didn't have any social welfare system at this time; poverty existed - no help for children Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002) - finished school 1923 - works at the local paper - leaves to live in Stockholm in 1926 - 1931 marries - 1945 Pippi Longstocking ▯ - a modern classic in children's literature ▯ - translated into 56 languages ▯ - 40 million books sold worldwide What is so special about Pippi? - she is a girl - superhuman qualities, power - outsmarts teachers and authorities - non-violence, superior in goodness and fairness - unconventional, improper, unacceptable - critics said: "teaches children bad manners and is bad influence" American Publisher's Wish to Delete Parts - "the difficulty with the tea party episode is that Pippi gets really out of character and behaves so brashly and rudely that she's not really funny any more. In all the other episodes of her career no matter how outrageous she is she's always kind, and the children who read about her feel this and that's one of the reasons why they love her so. But this time she isn't kind at all, just a rather tiresome "show-off." These may seem harsh words, but I know you'll understand that we're really protecting Pippi from herself, so to speak. We'd hate like anything to have her behave so badly in public!" - criticized hollow conventions, pretentiousness and current educational norms - Tommi's and Annika's mom: "Children should be seen and not heard." - Pippi answers: "It's nice if people are happy just to look at me! I must see how it feels to be used just for decoration." Pippi - blends literary and cultural patterns and conventions - clown - Tom Sawyer - like adventurer - resembles Mary Poppins and Peter Pan - hero Pippi pays tribute and overcomes 19th century girl's book - assertive - red hair - freckles - de facto orphanhood (Anne of Green Gables) ▯ - Villa Villekulla (vilja, kul, villervalla) - in 1945, the book upset reader's expectations by inverting value patterns, role models, and the stereotypical uniformity and predictability of the traditional girl's book Opposite to Heroine's of 19th Century - loves her frec
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