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Lecture 3

FOR200H1 Lecture 3: Forest Regions of Canada


Department
Forestry
Course Code
FOR200H1
Professor
Ben Kuttner
Lecture
3

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Week3:(24/09/2018)
Monday,September24,2018 12:36PM
FORESTREGIONSOFCANADA
Canadaholds25%oftheworld'sremainingfrontierforests
FontierForest:large,relativelyintactforestecosystems
Mustmeetcriteria:
Primarilyforested
Largeenoughtosupportviablepopulationsofallspeciesassociatedwiththatforest
typeEVENinfaceofnaturaldisasters
CanadianForestComposition:
majorityofCanadianforestsaresoftwood/coniferous
FORESTTYPE1:GreatLakes‑St.Lawrenceforests
2ndlargestforesttypeinCanada
Transitionalforest:coniferousforestanddecidousforest
Mixedconiferous‑decidousspecies
ForestOwnership
Provincial:76.6%
Territorial12.9%
Private6.3%
GreatLakes‑St.Lawrenceforests:ownership
Ontario
Provincial91%
Federal1%
Private8%
Quebec:
Provincial89%
Federal0%
Private11%
GLSLforest:importanttreespecies
Sugarmaple‑upto30%oftreesincentralOntarioforests
Easternwhitepine‑characteristic"old‑growth"speciesinGLSLforests
Oneofmostheavilyimpactedbylogging
Growthehighest
Loggedformastmaking(britishnavy)
Broadleaf/deciduousspecies
Poplars
Birches
Beech
Maples
Coniferous/evergreenspecies
Pines
Spruce
Balsamfir
Hemlock
ConservationconcernsinGLSLforests:
1. Commercialtimberharvesting
2. Miningandmineralextraction
3. Hydroelectricdams
4. Urbanexpansion
5. Agriculturalconversion
(commercialtimberandurbanexpansionarethebiggestconcerns)
EX.AlgonquinProvincialPark
78%isopentologging
FORESTTYPE2:BorealForests:
Holdsnearly50%oftheworldfrontierforests
LargestforesttypeinCanada
Ownership:

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Ontario
Provincial91%(gov,crownland)
Private8%
Federal1%
Quebec
Provincial89%
Private11%
Federal0%
Importanttreespecies
Broadleaf/deciduousspecies
Poplars
Birch
Coniferous
Spruce
Larch
Pine
ConservationconcernsinBorealforests
Commercialtimber
Miningandmineralextraction
Hydroelectricdams
Urbanexpansion
Agriculturalconversion
CarbonintheBoreal
FORESTTYPE3:CarolinianForests:
SmallestforesttypeinCanada
0.1%ofCanadastotalforestarea
Mostspecies‑richforesttype(70treespecies)
Oftenconsideredmostthreatened(lessthan10%remains
Importanttreespecies
Broadleaf/deciduousspecies:
Ashes
Oaks
Maples
Hickory
Blackwalnut(importantcommercialspecies‑mostvaluedforcabinetsandstuff)
Tulip
Kentuckycoffee
Bluebeech
Coniferous/evergreenspecies
Cedars
Larch/tamarack
ConservationconcernsinCarolinianforests
Commercialtimber
Miningandmineral
Hydroelectric
Urbanexpansion
Agriculturalconversion
Habitatfragmentation
Ownership
Provincial91%
Private8%
Federal1%
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