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Lecture 1

FOR200H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Potash, Microsoft Onenote, Newsprint


Department
Forestry
Course Code
FOR200H1
Professor
Ben Kuttner
Lecture
1

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Week1:10/09/2018
Monday,September24,2018 12:29PM
RequiredReadings:
Evolutionofaforestnation:ashorthistory
StateoftheForestReport2017‑Canada'sforestsbythenumbersinfographic
StateoftheForestReport2016‑Canada'sforestsbythenumbersinfographic
TheStateofCanada'sForestsAnnualReport2017‑FocusonSustainabilityIndicatorspgs.24‑
57
Evolutionofaforestnation:ashorthistory
TIMELINE
EndoftheIceAge(18,000=13,000yearsago)
Planetwarms,iceretreats+forestsre‑establish
IndigenousUseofForest(pre‑1600s)
Cultural+spiritualimportance
Permanentsettlementsin/aroundforests
SouthernOntario+Quebec=practiceofshiftingagriculture
Shiftingagriculture:
sofforestsclearedforcropsthenlefttoreturntoforest
EuropeanSettlersarrival(1600s‑1700s)
FirstcontactonAtlantic+Arcticcoasts+LaTer(onPacificcoast)
FurTrade=firstEuropeanforestharvest=maineconomicactivityfor200years=isfinancial
incentiveforexploration
Settlersclearforestforagriculture
EarlyIndustrialUse(early1800s‑1890s)
Shifttolarge‑scaleharvestingw/thousandsofworkers
Usedforfuel,shipbuilding+potash
USCivilWar+Franco‑PrussianWarboostCanada'stimbertrade
50%ofCanada'smenworkintimber/lumber
Significantdeforestation:
SettlersspreadintocentralCanada,northernPrairies+BC
Riseinforestclearing+human‑startedfires
Late1800s:
Shipbuildingdeclines+replacedw/railwayandbridgebuilding
Firewoodfornewtransportationmodes(woodfueledsteamboats+railroadengines)
Firstseedsofpulp+paperindustry
SecuringSustainableTimberSupply(early1900s1950s)
EndofWW1mostofeasternCanada'ssawlogsupplydepleted
Pulp+Paperincrease:
Demandfornewspapers,magazines+booksinUS
Needfor"sustainedyield"and"perpetualforests"
Sustainedyield:largesecuretimbersupplytosupporttheindustry
PerpetualForests
Forestryschools,reforestationefforts,firedetection+suppression,andprofessional
foresters(recognizedasbestequippedtomanageforests)
TheCanadianInstituteofForestryestablished
"thevoiceofforestpractitioners"
PostWW2boom=pressureonforestsislessened
Bettertimberprocessingtechhelpsmeetgrowingdemandinworldmarket
Newtechreducesdemandforwoodasfuel
Endofunrestrained(uncontrolled)harvesting
ForestManagementforMultipleValues(1960s1970s)
EnvironmentalprotectionneedrecognizedinN.A
Awareness:
Noneconomicbenefitsrecognized
Severalprovincesregulateindustry
Forestresearchincreases
1970s:forestmanagementextendstonontimberelements(wildlife,fisheries,etc.
EvolutionofSustainableForestManagement(1980searly2000s)
Conceptof"sustainabledevelopment"inmotion
UN1987BrundtlandReportand1992RioEarthSummit
Canadiangovexpandspolicy+researchtoconsiderlongtermneeds
Certificationsystemstomonitoreconomic,enviro+socialstandards
PublicConsultation:
Forestusers=directinvolvementindecisions
Indigenousmoreinvolved
Accessexpandsafterlandclaimsettlements,treaties+changesingovernance
1982:tradedisputes+managedtrade
USDepartmentofCommerce
SeriesofinvestigationsintoimportsofCandiansoftwoodlumber
Mid2000s:largestdropinCandianlumberin70years
U.Shousingcollapse
StateoftheForestReport2017‑Canada'sforestsbythenumbersinfo
StateoftheForestReport2016‑Canada'sforestsbythenumbersinfo
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