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Lecture 5: Non-Timber Forest Products & Non-Market Valuation

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Lecture 5: Non-Timber Forest Products & Non-Market Valuation Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs): NTFPs: not timber, but product, benefit, service that comes from a foresttree & is of use to humans o FAO definition: non-timber forest products consist of goods of bio. origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land & tree outside forests ex. berries, Christmas trees, antlers, carbon credits, etc ... large # of products generated by forests, but history of forestry direct @ timber usu. cause: o some NTFPs have been either replaced by synthetics, ex. rubber, gum, or domesticated into plantations, ex. oil palm, cocoa o indigenous ppl more dependent on NTFPs then timber for subsistence, had been marginalized sudden interest in NTFPs cause they mean o income generation for rural development o increased equity in distri. of forest benefits o decentralization of forest management o protection from climate chance NTFP categories: o food, ex. nuts, honey, mushrooms o health, ex. drugs, herbal remedies o manufacturing, ex. specialty woods, resins, fragrances o landscaping, ex. trees, shrubs, wildflowers o decorative, ex. craft products, carvings, natural dyes o environmental goods & services, ex. bio-fuels, bio. pesticides, carbon credits NTFPs for development o some suggest potential income from NTFPs could be higher & more sustainable than timber for indigenous ppl o conservation by commercialization hypothesis ecological (NTFPs maintain forest-like structure) increased organization of markets eliminates middle-men, & improves livelihoods problems with NTFPs o extraction can damage trees ex. bark removal, fruit harvesting o some species better able to sustain continuous off-take than others ex. abundant regenerators o increased competition in forest betw. humans vs. humans, & humans vs. animals o larger markets lead to higher income lead to greater imports of competing products, so leads to a shift to the highest value of NTFPs which brings risk of unsustainability o sustainability compromised by lack of regulation
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