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Lecture 11

FOR400Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Urban Forest, Sustainable Forest Management, Haida Heritage Centre


Department
Forestry
Course Code
FOR400Y1
Professor
Ning Yan
Lecture
11

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FOR400Y - Lecture 11: Ontario Forests
Urban forestry
- Specialized branch of forestry focused on well-being of people who lived in cities
- Term was coined by a professor from the faculty of forestry from the university of
Toronto
- Is a relatively new branch of forestry
- However, most of the career opportunities for forestry are not in Toronto, and are
rather in Sault. St Marie
- But there are opportunities in the city
- A single tree in an urban environment can have a large impact on a number of
people
- The US and Canada have developed urban forest strategies
- EX: Trees Canada works with Canadian urban forest strategy
City of Toronto
- Maintain over 4 million trees on public property
- Budget was about 11 billion dollars in 2018
- 5% of budget is accounted by parks, forestry and recreation
- = huge growth in this area
- City of Toronto investing in projects to engage urban dwellers in urban forestry
- This is a strategy to bring more interest on urban forestry
What is a Forest?
Haida Gwaii
- Islands of the Haida People
- The Haida are the indigenous people of Northwest coast of British Columbia
- Relatively isolated area that has become iconic to Canadian foresters because
exciting things have been happening in Haida Gwaii
- At the time of settlement there were about 6000 Haida living there
- But by mid 1800s only about 300 surviving individuals
- Close to being extinguished as a people
- The wilderness movement on these islands that triggered the ‘War in the Woods’
- Started in the 1980s and involved boycott of logging roads, many people
arrested for ‘civil disobedience’
- Haida heritage centre
- Now a national museum
- Haida don’t typically ave ‘materia’ culture
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- Believe it’s spiritually it’s better to leave whatever that’s falling to
the ground on the ground
- But they did erect some totems that were made a long time ago
- Also have a cemetary as part of the museum
- They were the first indigenous peoples who went around the world
collecting the remains of their people that were put in museums
- Political statement about their intent to be politically
independent
- Western Red Cedar in temperate rainforests
- We don’t see them in Ontario
Forest Policy Transformation on Haida Gwaii
- Were one of the first communities to switch from an industrial focus to
ecosystem-based co-operative planning
- The Haida people remained
- The Haida decided that because they own the island, forestry and other activities
would be done in cooperation with them
- Every activity that takes place on Haida Gwaii is approved by a round table with
discussion with Haida Gwaii leaders
- Importance of indigenous peoples being part of decision making and not
just consulted
Values Conflict
- In 2010, was advertisement for Haida Gwaii from Fwaalgaa Naay Corporation
- Were looking for a CEO for its real estate properties to devloep businesses on
the tourism, aquatic, and forestry sectors
- Also advertisement from David Suzuki Foundation looking for a Director of public
affairs
Ontario’s Unique Public Forest
- Most of the tree areas are north of us
- Close to 700 000 people live in most of the province while the other 11 000 000
of us live in the south
- Makes the political context more interesting
- There are 116 electoral ridings
- That means we vote for 116 provincial representatives
- Of these only 12 represent northern ontario
- Forestry contributes much less to the provincial government than it did in the past
- It’s political prominence has been reduced
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