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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - From the Empire to Romanticism

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FCS195 – Lecture 2 11-11-20 8:12 PM From the empire to Romanticism Napoleon • Born in Corsica • Born poor • Becomes the most powerful person in France • Great military skills • Good use of propaganda • Looked up to Julius Caesar and marc Anthony  he decided to follow • He restored peace to France because the monarchs and the republicans were fighting all the time about what type of government should be installed st • He was 1 consul in the army  a lot of power Napoleon’s empire • Made France a new power • Felt invincible and conquered most of Europe • Lost at Waterloo, Russia and was exiled to Saint-Helene Achievements • Gave his people feelings of power, glamour and grandeur • Defended religious and political freedom • Made Paris the culture centre of Europe • Centralized administration, economy and the arts in Paris to make it a stronger capital Symbol of: • Personal achievement Joséphine de Beauharnais & Récamier • Showed how to be fashionable in financially difficult times • Wanted to differentiate herself from the monarch elegance  Marie Antoinette (reine précédente) became crazy due to her spending • The look was simple while their husbands were away  very SIMPLE look Bonapartist and neoclassicist Return to antiquity • The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum were uncovered and inspired a return to antiquity  furniture Neoclassicism paintings David. The oath of the horatii (1784) • The women are not being good citizens (strong people with courage/male) • The father and the sons seem young, strong David. The death of Socrates (1787) • Shows nobility  not chained and is going to drink voluntarily • Shows courage and strength • Those were values that were important at that time Neoclassicism = importance on lines  shows order Ingres. Ambassadors of Agamemnon (1797) • Ingres is never a true neoclassisist because there is something in his paintings that usually diverges from true orderly neoclassicism Ingres. La grande odalisque (1814) • Still neoclassicist Ingres. La source (1856) • Ingres eventually moves from neoclassicism to more curves instead of straight lines  In the Turkish bath, he uses curved lines to represent pleasure because straight lines represent order Neoclassicism = order and rationality Romantic visions Each art movement is constructed to be the opposite of what was before.  there is usually a contrast Preface to Cromwell • Uses the preface as a manifesto to speak about issues that are important to him • Explains why romanticism is needed Cromwell is used as a metaphor to reflect what was happening in France •
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