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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - From Romanticism to Balzac

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FCS195 – Lecture 3 11-11-20 8:10 PM From Romanticism to Balzac Romanticism was linked to Hugo  he discussed what a romantic writer should be Romanticism = very expressional music Frédéric Chopin (1838) Born and raised in Poland, his father was French When he is away, a rebellion breaks out in Poland vs. Russia. He chooses to stay in France because there is no conflict. Becomes very close to Delacroix (painter) Becomes known as very important in Romantic music George Sand was his partner for very long.  the painting was done of both of them by Delacroix but was later split in two and has both halves in different museums The revolutionary • Neoclassicism = music is only a piece that is meant to be beautiful • He changes this and uses music to convey human emotions • Recreates chaos  i.e. The Revolutionary tries to recreate the war (opus 10 no 12) • Fragmentary, even abrupt Schumann: “Chopin’s music is like flowers hiding cannons” Funeral march (opus 35, no 2) • Somber, sad themes played in a dramatic fashion o After the sadness in the song, the music gets better and he tries to recreate happiness  this expresses both happiness and sadness which are both human emotions o This song shows a conflict in human emotions i.e. anger, sadness, happiness o The song goes more upbeat at one point to try to create a nostalgic/happy side where we remember the person in a good light • Sense of nostalgia for what is no more • Desire to express all sides of human experience Géricault Apparently he kept body parts to be able to paint better The raft of the medusa (1819) • Illustrates what romanticism will try to do in paintings • Story: o Napoleon had banned slavery o The meduse was a ship going to Africa to try to establish good relations o It sank and there were only a few lifeboats who were taken by rich people o The poor people made a raft and only 7 survived because they resorted to cannibalism  this was horrifying at the time  This painting shows true human emotions  they are freaking out on the boat i.e. fear, anger, desperation, hunger  There is an axe on the boat to remind us that it was horrendous • This painting shows a different kind of hero than the neoclassicist paintings • The boat symbolizes hope Eugène Delacroix (1837) • Interested in darker themes The barque of Dante • Based off Dante’s inferno • Very dark and sad themes • Desperation Romanticism in visual arts • Depicting emotions and enticing their audience to feel them as well • Expressing a personal worldview • You will leave traces of yourself  i.e. shapes and brushstrokes that are characteristic of yourself and that define yourself • Try to be realistic  seeing chaos (meaning happiness and sadness) Delacroix’s romanticism • Art was for everyone • ??? Scenes from the massacres of chios (1824) • Depicts human disaster • Contrary to neoclassicism, you do not where to focus your attention and become overwhelmed when looking at paintings wh
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