Class Notes (834,259)
Canada (508,446)
French (122)
FCS195H1 (30)
Papillon (11)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - Realism: Newspapers, Feuilletons and Caricatures

7 Pages
135 Views
Unlock Document

Department
French
Course
FCS195H1
Professor
Papillon
Semester
Fall

Description
FCS195 – Lecture 4 11-11-20 8:08 PM Realism – Newspapers, feuilletons and caricatures Balzac = realism Flaubert = realism Madame bovary (1857) • Flaubert was put on trial because the story speaks of adultery • Because madame bovary reads a lot of romanticism, she thinks her life will be that way • This book was big because it shows the contrast between literature and reality • Emma’s problem is that she cant tell the difference between the book and reality  she hopes her husband will be amazing but Charles turns out to be nothing special  instead of thinking that the stories are wrong, she believes Charles is wrong and goes around to find a new man who will be better • She ends up killing herself “Emma tried to find out what one meant exactly by the words bliss, passion, ecstacy…” Themes in romanticism • Emotions • Love • Dispair • Having an emotional life Bovarysm: Desiring something unrealistic  a state of social or emotive dissatisfaction due to unrealizable goals Realist novel • Descriptions • Faithful portrait of rural life • Follows each event to its logical conclusion o Does not give Emma the happy ending she was wishing for  Romanticism tended to start being very dramatic because it focused on emotion and would tend to get carried away  Realism most often ends in sad endings Émile Zola (1868)  naturalism • Les Rougon-Macquart  a fictional family through which he wrote many books based on different members of the family o Nana o Germinal o The Masterpiece • J’accuse  he accuses French society of being racist because of the Dreyfus affair **He was very engaged in social issues Naturalism • Uses methods of science developed by science • Believes the novelist’s role to be: o To observe o To experiment • Zola’s method: o Themehypothesisproof o Literature = tool to obtain social knowledge Naturalist writer • Precise descriptions • Transparency, neutrality, objectivity o The voice/narrator is non existent because the books are considered “science” by the writers • Freedom from the imperatives of morality and decency o Not scared of the dirty, the poor and the ugly o Use of a language that reflects the social class of the characters • Pessimistic o Main theme = social injustice Realist painters Gustave Courbet Self-portrait (Man with a pipe) (1849) • Socialist o Models = “real people”  he is politically committed to the lower classes and is called a socialist The Stone breakers (1849) • Wants to reproduce life exactly as it in (Realist)  no dramatization at all • No reordering of the scene • Poverty is not idealized like it was to the other artists • Physical hardship • People at the margins of society  Sugar shack showed people that poor people are happy while they are making maple syrup The Burial at Ornans (1850) • A bunch of nobodies • Poor • Not well dressed • Ugly  He does not try to fix anything so people are legit depicted as what they look like The painter’s studio/ a real allegory (1855) • Depicts himself as being the link in between the middle class and the low class that was ignored • He
More Less

Related notes for FCS195H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit