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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - Realism: Newspapers, Feuilletons and Caricatures

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FCS195 – Lecture 4 11-11-20 8:08 PM Realism – Newspapers, feuilletons and caricatures Balzac = realism Flaubert = realism Madame bovary (1857) • Flaubert was put on trial because the story speaks of adultery • Because madame bovary reads a lot of romanticism, she thinks her life will be that way • This book was big because it shows the contrast between literature and reality • Emma’s problem is that she cant tell the difference between the book and reality  she hopes her husband will be amazing but Charles turns out to be nothing special  instead of thinking that the stories are wrong, she believes Charles is wrong and goes around to find a new man who will be better • She ends up killing herself “Emma tried to find out what one meant exactly by the words bliss, passion, ecstacy…” Themes in romanticism • Emotions • Love • Dispair • Having an emotional life Bovarysm: Desiring something unrealistic  a state of social or emotive dissatisfaction due to unrealizable goals Realist novel • Descriptions • Faithful portrait of rural life • Follows each event to its logical conclusion o Does not give Emma the happy ending she was wishing for  Romanticism tended to start being very dramatic because it focused on emotion and would tend to get carried away  Realism most often ends in sad endings Émile Zola (1868)  naturalism • Les Rougon-Macquart  a fictional family through which he wrote many books based on different members of the family o Nana o Germinal o The Masterpiece • J’accuse  he accuses French society of being racist because of the Dreyfus affair **He was very engaged in social issues Naturalism • Uses methods of science developed by science • Believes the novelist’s role to be: o To observe o To experiment • Zola’s method: o Themehypothesisproof o Literature = tool to obtain social knowledge Naturalist writer • Precise descriptions • Transparency, neutrality, objectivity o The voice/narrator is non existent because the books are considered “science” by the writers • Freedom from the imperatives of morality and decency o Not scared of the dirty, the poor and the ugly o Use of a language that reflects the social class of the characters • Pessimistic o Main theme = social injustice Realist painters Gustave Courbet Self-portrait (Man with a pipe) (1849) • Socialist o Models = “real people”  he is politically committed to the lower classes and is called a socialist The Stone breakers (1849) • Wants to reproduce life exactly as it in (Realist)  no dramatization at all • No reordering of the scene • Poverty is not idealized like it was to the other artists • Physical hardship • People at the margins of society  Sugar shack showed people that poor people are happy while they are making maple syrup The Burial at Ornans (1850) • A bunch of nobodies • Poor • Not well dressed • Ugly  He does not try to fix anything so people are legit depicted as what they look like The painter’s studio/ a real allegory (1855) • Depicts himself as being the link in between the middle class and the low class that was ignored • He
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