Class Notes (838,347)
Canada (510,861)
French (122)
FCS195H1 (30)
Papillon (11)
Lecture 9

Lecture 9 - Music and the Expatriates

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Department
French
Course
FCS195H1
Professor
Papillon
Semester
Fall

Description
FCS195 – Lecture 9 11-11-20 8:08 PM Paris by night – Music and the expatriates Black Paris – 1930s Black Paris = period of immigration with an African-American presence Law in the USA was not favourable for Blacks and they came to France because they were more accepted.  During WW1 the USA sent troops over and some soldiers did not want to go back home after they experienced life in France.  Although discrimination still existed in Paris, they were not persecuted as much Bricktop (Ada Smith) and Augusta Savage were artists that went to Paris to practice their art. African-Americans were viewed as exotic by the French. Joséphine Baker She was an African-American woman. Born in USA and went to Paris to continue her career. Plaid with the idea of primitively and jungle themes. She wore a “banana skirt” to play on the ideas of how people viewed Blacks as “primitive”. She sang in English and French. Expatriates: African-American people who decided to stay in Paris. In her song “J’ai deux amours” (I have two lovers), she speaks about how she loves Paris and her country (The USA).  this was meaningful to the expatriate community at the time. Jazz and France Jazz was coming to France The great migration  Southern African-Americans migrated North from the Southern USA and became artists.  they created a new African-American identity  This led to the “New Negro Renaissance” and the “Harlem Renaissance” When Jazz came to Europe: • Unease because it was foreign • Attractive because it was foreign and exotic  Jazz was very criticized as being “wild” and “untamed” and, depending on the critic, it was either viewed as positive and negative. When the French create their jazz, it will not be primitive. Instead it will be “tame”, “rational” and “civilized”  this led to “white jazz”, “symphonic jazz” and “straight jazz”  They thought that because they liked it, it had to be French and they found some French connection and linked it to Louisiana (because there were French populations there) Django Reinhardt • Very well-known guitarist • He is a gypsy who tried to famous by playing in bars • Suffered injuries and learned to play guitar with 3 fingers on one of his hands • He eventually joins the “hot club” and plays “hot jazz” which was considered to be Black jazz and “untamed”. Manouche = a group of gypsies that plaid Jazz Daphne • La quintette du Hot Club de France (1938) Edith Piaf • The icon of being French in the 40s and the 50s • Sang a lot of sad songs Brassaï • Takes pictures of Paris nightlife and publishes a book o The book seeks to contrast the different meanings of “nightlife” for rich and poor  The working class people are sometimes still working • Takes pictures of low and high class to show the different nightlife they had • The “eye of Paris” • Took pictures that were considered “weird” o Duchesse de Zoé au bal des invertis  shows a man at a drag party o Took pictures of prostitutes o Took pictures of people living in the street Amazons of the left Bank Expatriates in Paris = interwar period P
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