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Lecture 2

FCS195H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Grande Odalisque, Turkish Bath, Horatii


Department
French
Course Code
FCS195H1
Professor
Papillon
Lecture
2

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FCS195 – Lecture 2 11-11-20 8:12 PM
From the empire to Romanticism
Napoleon
Born in Corsica
Born poor
Becomes the most powerful person in France
Great military skills
Good use of propaganda
Looked up to Julius Caesar and marc Anthony he decided to
follow
He restored peace to France because the monarchs and the
republicans were fighting all the time about what type of
government should be installed
He was 1st consul in the army a lot of power
Napoleon’s empire
Made France a new power
Felt invincible and conquered most of Europe
Lost at Waterloo, Russia and was exiled to Saint-Helene
Achievements
Gave his people feelings of power, glamour and grandeur
Defended religious and political freedom
Made Paris the culture centre of Europe
Centralized administration, economy and the arts in Paris to make it
a stronger capital
Symbol of:
Personal achievement
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Joséphine de Beauharnais & Récamier
Showed how to be fashionable in financially difficult times
Wanted to differentiate herself from the monarch elegance Marie
Antoinette (reine précédente) became crazy due to her spending
The look was simple while their husbands were away
very SIMPLE look
Bonapartist and neoclassicist
Return to antiquity
The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum were uncovered and inspired
a return to antiquity furniture
Neoclassicism paintings
David. The oath of the horatii (1784)
The women are not being good citizens (strong people with
courage/male)
The father and the sons seem young, strong
David. The death of Socrates (1787)
Shows nobility not chained and is going to drink voluntarily
Shows courage and strength
Those were values that were important at that time
Neoclassicism = importance on lines shows order
Ingres. Ambassadors of Agamemnon (1797)
Ingres is never a true neoclassisist because there is something in
his paintings that usually diverges from true orderly neoclassicism
Ingres. La grande odalisque (1814)
Still neoclassicist
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