FCS195H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: The Bald Soprano, Samuel Beckett, Frida Kahlo

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Published on 25 Nov 2011
School
UTSG
Department
French
Course
FCS195H1
Professor
FCS195 – Lecture 10 25/11/2011 09:02:00
Surrealism and The Absurd
The theatre of the Absurd
Albert Camus questioned the absurd in a philosophical way.
He comes to a conclusion that human life is absurd
There was no meaning
These people think of the absurd as a way to express ourselves. Absurdity
becomes the form their theatre movement will take.
Important people:
Eugène Ionesco
Samuel Beckett
oWrote in English and switched to French
Eugène Ionesco
Sees absurdity as something that has no meaning or clear purpose
Interested in exploring day-to-day events and how they make no
sense
oi.e. How we exchange polite conversation much of what we
say is pointless and useless
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Exposes that we rely on clichés and makes fun of it
Main works:
The Bald Soprano
The Lesson
Rhinoceros
Samuel Beckett
Wrote novels of the absurd and plays as well
His plays and books are funny in a dark tragic sense
His works are closer to existentialism
They are tragic because characters are in a world with no meaning,
they are clueless
His works get more tragic as time passes
Art should be “the expression that there is nothing to express,
nothing with which to express, nothing from which to express, no
power to express, together with the obligation to express.”
People are waiting for meaning
oWe keep waiting for an answer and for meaning that will
never come
Main works:
Waiting for Godot
Endgame
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Happy Days
Surrealism
Very structured group founded by André Breton
Surrealist aspiration: to free man from the constraints of a too-
utilitarian civilization
oThey will try to break the logic of writing
oHow we write will be completely transformed
Very provocative to make you question your life it is supposed to
be shocking
Many artists will play on the representation
oThey will present an object that is very different to what we
are accustomed to this makes it shocking and reminds us
that this is a mere representation and not the real thing
“Natural” surrealist: Breton met Frida Kahlo and was surprised
when he finds out that she was already painting surrealist paintings
he was very dictator-like and believed that he defined what was
surrealist and what was not
onatural surrealist = being a surrealist without the help of
Breton
Surrealist techniques
Inspired by:
oDreams
oMadness
These are both seen as freeing because they are not
bound by rationality
Automatic writing
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Document Summary

Albert camus questioned the absurd in a philosophical way: he comes to a conclusion that human life is absurd, there was no meaning. These people think of the absurd as a way to express ourselves. Absurdity becomes the form their theatre movement will take. Important people: eug ne ionesco, samuel beckett, wrote in english and switched to french. Eug ne ionesco: sees absurdity as something that has no meaning or clear purpose. Interested in exploring day-to-day events and how they make no sense: i. e. how we exchange polite conversation much of what we say is pointless and useless, exposes that we rely on clich s and makes fun of it. Main works: the bald soprano, the lesson, rhinoceros. Main works: waiting for godot, endgame, happy days. Natural surrealist: breton met frida kahlo and was surprised when he finds out that she was already painting surrealist paintings.