Napol on iii was taken prisoner after the battle of sedan on september. 2, 1870 an interim government, the government of national defense, was put in place under the leadership of general trochu. Paris capitulated on january 28, 1871 and, on may 10, the treaty of. Francfort was signed in the election of july 2, 1871, the republicans, under the leadership of. Adolphe thiers, a left-wing political thinker, came to power, in spite of a very real threat from the monarchist forces less that two years later, thiers stepped down in favour of general. Macmahon, whose philosophy was far to the right of that of thiers the period of macmahon"s presidency has been called the r gime of. L"ordre moral , or moral order , that is a r gime whose emphasis was on respect for religious values and morality. Macmahon was seconded in his politics at this time by albert de.